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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission File Number: 001-32269

EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Maryland 20-1076777
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

2795 East Cottonwood Parkway, Suite 300
Salt Lake City, Utah 84121
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (801365-4600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueEXRNew York Stock Exchange

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company


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If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, as of November 6, 2023, was 211,277,822.

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Table of Contents
EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 


3


STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Certain information presented in this report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements concerning our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, future revenues or performance, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions relating to acquisitions and other information that is not historical information. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipates” or “intends” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. We may also make additional forward-looking statements from time to time. All such subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, by us or on our behalf, are also expressly qualified by these cautionary statements.

All forward-looking statements, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends and estimates of future earnings, are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved. All forward-looking statements apply only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements which may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in or contemplated by this report. Any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of the risks referenced in “Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors” below and in “Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Such factors include, but are not limited to:
adverse changes in general economic conditions, the real estate industry and the markets in which we operate;
failure to realize the expected benefits of the recent acquisition of Life Storage, Inc. (“Life Storage”);
the risk that Life Storage’s business will not be fully integrated successfully or that such integration may be more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected, including our ability to retain and hire key personnel;
the uncertainty of expected future financial performance and results of the combined company following completion of the Life Storage merger;
failure to close pending acquisitions and developments on expected terms, or at all;
the effect of competition from new and existing stores or other storage alternatives, including increased or unanticipated competition for our or Life Storage’s properties, which could cause rents and occupancy rates to decline;
potential liability for uninsured losses and environmental contamination;
the impact of the regulatory environment as well as national, state, and local laws and regulations including, without limitation, those governing real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), tenant reinsurance and other aspects of our business, which could adversely affect our results;
disruptions in credit and financial markets and resulting difficulties in raising capital or obtaining credit at reasonable rates or at all, which could impede our ability to grow;
impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic or the future outbreak of other highly infectious or contagious diseases, including reduced demand for self-storage space and ancillary products and services such as tenant reinsurance, and potential decreases in occupancy and rental rates and staffing levels, which could adversely affect our results;
our reliance on information technologies, which are vulnerable to, among other things, attack from computer viruses and malware, hacking, cyberattacks and other unauthorized access or misuse, any of which could adversely affect our business and results;
increased interest rates;
reductions in asset valuations and related impairment charges;
our lack of sole decision-making authority with respect to our joint venture investments;
our ability to recover losses under our insurance policies;
the effect of recent or future changes to U.S. tax laws;
the failure to maintain our REIT status for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and
economic uncertainty due to the impact of natural disasters, war or terrorism, which could adversely affect our business plan.
The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations are subject to risks and

4


uncertainties and can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these risks before you make an investment decision with respect to our securities.

We disclaim any duty or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements set forth in this report to reflect new information, future events or otherwise.

5


PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
(unaudited)
Assets:
Real estate assets, net$24,556,678 $9,997,978 
Real estate assets - operating lease right-of-use assets248,483 221,725 
Investments in unconsolidated real estate entities1,077,548 582,412 
Investments in debt securities and notes receivable891,311 858,049 
Cash and cash equivalents216,121 92,868 
Other assets, net635,677 414,426 
Total assets $27,625,818 $12,167,458 
Liabilities, Noncontrolling Interests and Equity:
Notes payable, net$1,276,555 $1,288,555 
Unsecured term loans, net3,247,076 2,340,116 
Unsecured senior notes, net5,805,448 2,757,791 
Revolving lines of credit623,000 945,000 
Operating lease liabilities242,441 229,035 
Cash distributions in unconsolidated real estate ventures69,445 67,352 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses430,124 171,680 
Other liabilities365,028 289,655 
Total liabilities 12,059,117 8,089,184 
Commitments and contingencies
Noncontrolling Interests and Equity:
Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, 211,276,086 and 133,921,020 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
2,113 1,339 
Additional paid-in capital14,742,973 3,345,332 
Accumulated other comprehensive income44,912 48,798 
Accumulated deficit(252,877)(135,872)
Total Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders' equity14,537,121 3,259,597 
Noncontrolling interest represented by Preferred Operating Partnership units, net 222,939 261,502 
Noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership, net and other noncontrolling interests806,641 557,175 
Total noncontrolling interests and equity15,566,701 4,078,274 
Total liabilities, noncontrolling interests and equity$27,625,818 $12,167,458 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Revenues:
Property rental$650,887 $428,787 $1,525,596 $1,216,639 
Tenant reinsurance69,128 47,869 165,265 138,093 
Management fees and other income28,019 22,246 71,609 62,720 
Total revenues748,034 498,902 1,762,470 1,417,452 
Expenses:
Property operations185,194 114,577 416,997 322,371 
Tenant reinsurance 19,130 10,770 37,701 25,349 
Transaction costs    1,465 
Life Storage Merger transition costs54,174  54,174  
General and administrative37,406 32,275 107,011 93,288 
Depreciation and amortization152,338 71,423 309,914 208,396 
Total expenses448,242 229,045 925,797 650,869 
Gain on real estate transactions   14,249 
Income from operations299,792 269,857 836,673 780,832 
Interest expense(122,899)(56,245)(289,370)(146,249)
Non-cash interest expense related to amortization of discount on Life Storage unsecured senior notes(8,228) (8,228) 
Interest income22,092 18,125 62,607 52,174 
Income before equity in earnings and dividend income from unconsolidated real estate entities and income tax expense190,757 231,737 601,682 686,757 
Equity in earnings and dividend income from unconsolidated real estate entities15,043 11,149 38,602 30,436 
Income tax expense(6,944)(6,760)(17,238)(15,516)
Net income198,856 236,126 623,046 701,677 
Net income allocated to Preferred Operating Partnership noncontrolling interests(2,253)(4,454)(6,761)(13,278)
Net income allocated to Operating Partnership and other noncontrolling interests(8,253)(10,953)(29,221)(31,971)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$188,350 $220,719 $587,064 $656,428 
Earnings per common share
Basic $0.96 $1.65 $3.78 $4.89 
Diluted $0.96 $1.65 $3.78 $4.89 
Weighted average number of shares
Basic195,324,444 133,913,652 155,112,071 134,094,490 
Diluted195,328,020 141,504,215 155,116,149 141,567,845 
Cash dividends paid per common share$1.62 $1.50 $4.86 $4.50 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
Net income$198,856 $236,126 $623,046 $701,677 
Other comprehensive income:
   Change in fair value of interest rate swaps(2,264)24,222 (4,175)95,984 
Total comprehensive income196,592 260,348 618,871 797,661 
   Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests10,395 16,663 35,693 50,166 
Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders$186,197 $243,685 $583,178 $747,495 


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023
(unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share data)

Noncontrolling InterestExtra Space Storage Inc. Stockholders' Equity
Preferred Operating PartnershipOperating PartnershipOtherSharesPar ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated DeficitTotal Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
Balances at June 30, 2023$222,940 $553,610 $3,079 135,058,897 $1,351 $3,383,303 $47,065 $(175,941)$4,035,407 
Issuance of common stock in connection with share based compensation— — — 1,253 — 6,994 — — 6,994 
Taxes paid upon net settlement of share based compensation— (414)— (63)— — (63)
Restricted stock grants cancelled— — — (3,128)— — — — — 
Redemption of Operating Partnership units for stock— (163)— 2,119 — 163 — —  
Life Storage Merger issuance of common stock and Operating Partnership units— 249,470 — 76,217,359 762 11,352,576 — — 11,602,808 
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures— — 5,209 — — — — — 5,209 
Net income (loss)2,253 8,284 (31)— — — — 188,350 198,856 
Other comprehensive loss— (111)— — — — (2,153)— (2,264)
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(2,254)(12,706)— — — — — — (14,960)
Dividends paid on common stock at $1.62 per share
— — — — — — — (265,286)(265,286)
Balances at September 30, 2023$222,939 $798,384 $8,257 211,276,086 $2,113 $14,742,973 $44,912 $(252,877)$15,566,701 
Balances at December 31, 2022$261,502 $556,095 $1,080 133,921,020 $1,339 $3,345,332 $48,798 $(135,872)$4,078,274 
Issuance of common stock in connection with share based compensation— — — 144,640 2 19,431 — — 19,433 
Taxes paid upon net settlement of share based compensation— — — (8,074)— (7,606)— — (7,606)
Restricted stock grants cancelled— — — (6,983)— — — — — 
Redemption of Operating Partnership units for stock— (163)— 2,119 — 163 — —  
Redemption of Preferred A Units in the Operating Partnership for stock(16,339)— — 851,698 8 11,015 — — (5,316)
Redemption of Preferred D Units in the Operating Partnership for stock(22,064)— — 154,307 2 22,062 — —  
Life Storage Merger issuance of common stock and Operating Partnership units— 249,470 — 76,217,359 762 11,352,576 — — 11,602,808 
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint ventures— — 7,309 — — — — — 7,309 
Net income (loss)6,761 29,353 (132)— — — — 587,064 623,046 
Other comprehensive loss— (289)— — — — (3,886)— (4,175)
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(6,921)(36,082)— — — — — — (43,003)

9

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022
(unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share data)

Noncontrolling InterestExtra Space Storage Inc. Stockholders' Equity
Preferred Operating PartnershipOperating PartnershipOtherSharesPar ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated DeficitTotal Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
Dividends paid on common stock at $4.86 per share
— — — — — — — (704,069)(704,069)
Balances at September 30, 2023$222,939 $798,384 $8,257 211,276,086 $2,113 $14,742,973 $44,912 $(252,877)$15,566,701 
Balances at June 30, 2022$261,231 $429,572 $317 133,900,184 $1,339 $3,334,317 $25,555 $(159,091)$3,893,240 
Issuance of common stock in connection with share based compensation— — — 19,654 — 5,644 — — 5,644 
Restricted stock grants cancelled— — — (1,801)— — — — — 
Issuance of Operating Partnership units in conjunction with acquisitions— 125,000 — — — — — — 125,000 
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint venture— — 338 — — — — — 338 
Net income4,454 10,953 — — — — — 220,719 236,126 
Other comprehensive income145 1,111 — — — — 22,966 — 24,222 
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(4,336)(10,058)— — — — — — (14,394)
Dividends paid on common stock at $1.50 per share— — — — — — — (200,878)(200,878)
Balances at September 30, 2022$261,494 $556,578 $655 133,918,037 $1,339 $3,339,961 $48,521 $(139,250)$4,069,298 
Balances at December 31, 2021$259,110 $410,053 $317 133,922,305 $1,339 $3,285,948 $(42,546)$(128,245)$3,785,976 
Issuance of common stock in connection with share based compensation— — — 200,454 2 15,431 — — 15,433 
Restricted stock grants cancelled— — — (9,702)— — — — — 
Redemption of Operating Partnership units for cash— (1,125)— — — (2,379)— — (3,504)
Redemption of Preferred B Units in the Operating Partnership for cash(4,500)— — — — — — — (4,500)
Issuance of Operating Partnership units in conjunction with business combinations— 16,000 — — — — — — 16,000 
Issuance of Operating Partnership units in conjunction with acquisitions— 125,000 — — — — — — 125,000 
Issuance of Preferred D units in the Operating Partnership in conjunction with business combinations6,000 — — — — — — — 6,000 
Issuance of common stock in conjunction with acquisitions— — — 186,766 2 40,961 — — 40,963 
Repurchase of common stock, net of offering costs— — — (381,786)(4)— — (63,004)(63,008)
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated joint venture— — 338 — — — — — 338 
Net income13,278 31,971 — — — — — 656,428 701,677 
Other comprehensive income578 4,339 — — — — 91,067 — 95,984 
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(12,972)(29,660)— — — — — — (42,632)
Dividends paid on common stock at $4.50 per share
— — — — — — — (604,429)(604,429)
Balances at September 30, 2022$261,494 $556,578 $655 133,918,037 $1,339 $3,339,961 $48,521 $(139,250)$4,069,298 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

10


Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
 For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$623,046 $701,677 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization309,914 208,396 
Amortization of deferred financing costs9,716 6,352 
Non-cash interest expense related to fair value of Life Storage public bonds and amortization of discount on equity portion of exchangeable senior notes8,228  
Non-cash lease expense1,448 1,441 
Compensation expense related to stock-based awards19,433 15,431 
Accrual of interest income added to principal of debt securities and notes receivable(30,127)(28,514)
Gain on real estate transactions (14,249)
Distributions from unconsolidated real estate ventures11,484 9,380 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Other assets(33,123)(4,207)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses134,310 48,898 
Other liabilities(16,370)3,416 
Net cash provided by operating activities1,037,959 948,021 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of real estate assets and improvements(197,333)(1,124,777)
Life Storage Merger, net of cash acquired(1,182,411) 
Cash paid for business combination (157,301)
Development and redevelopment of real estate assets(66,533)(31,652)
Proceeds from sale of real estate assets and investments in real estate ventures2,132 39,367 
Investment in unconsolidated real estate entities(179,258)(102,670)
Return of investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures 342 
Issuance and purchase of notes receivable(210,712)(314,542)
Principal payments received from notes receivable73,514 264,774 
Proceeds from sale of notes receivable134,064 203,695 
Purchase of equipment and fixtures(9,515)(19,490)
Net cash used in investing activities(1,636,052)(1,242,254)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from notes payable and revolving lines of credit5,194,665 3,983,865 
Principal payments on notes payable and revolving lines of credit(4,617,755)(3,341,881)
Proceeds from issuance of public bonds, net950,000 396,100 
Deferred financing costs(51,359)(7,618)
Repurchase of common stock (63,008)
Redemption of Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests (3,504)
Redemption of Preferred A Units for cash(5,000) 
Redemption of Preferred B Units for cash (4,500)
Dividends paid on common stock(704,069)(604,429)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(43,003)(42,632)
Net cash provided by financing activities723,479 312,393 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash125,386 18,160 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of the period97,735 76,194 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of the period$223,121 $94,354 

11


Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
 For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20232022
Cash and equivalents, including restricted cash at the beginning of the period:
Cash and equivalents$92,868 $71,126 
Restricted cash included in other assets4,867 5,068 
$97,735 $76,194 
Cash and equivalents, including restricted cash at the end of the period:
Cash and equivalents$216,121 $86,991 
Restricted cash included in other assets7,000 7,363 
$223,121 $94,354 
Supplemental schedule of cash flow information
Interest paid$207,569 $137,683 
Income taxes paid20,222 14,489 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities:
Redemption of Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests for common stock
Noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership$116,336 $ 
Common stock and paid-in capital(11,336) 
Noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership Note Receivable Payoff(100,000) 
OP Unit Redemption - Cash Proceeds(5,000) 
Acquisition and establishment of operating lease right of use assets and lease liabilities
Real estate assets - operating lease right-of-use assets$265 $1,689 
Operating lease liabilities(265)(1,689)
Acquisitions of real estate assets
Real estate assets, net$ $173,873 
Value of equity issued (165,965)
Investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures (1,085)
Finance lease liability (6,823)
Life Storage Merger real estate assets
Real estate assets, net$13,575,501 $ 
Value of common stock issued(11,353,338) 
Unsecured senior notes(2,106,866)
Value of OP units issued(249,470) 
Net liabilities assumed(191,077) 
Investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures325,250  
Accrued construction costs and capital expenditures
Acquisition of real estate assets$6,835 $368 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(6,835)(368)
Redemption of Preferred Operating Partnership units for common stock
Preferred Operating Partnership units$33,403 $ 
Additional paid-in capital(33,403)$ 
Issuance of OP and Preferred OP units in conjunction with business combination
Preferred OP units issued$ $(6,000)
OP units issued (16,000)

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


12


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated


1.    ORGANIZATION
Extra Space Storage Inc. (the “Company”) is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed REIT, formed as a Maryland corporation on April 30, 2004, to own, operate, manage, acquire, develop and redevelop self-storage properties ("stores") located throughout the United States. The Company was formed to continue the business of Extra Space Storage LLC and its subsidiaries, which had engaged in the self-storage business since 1977. The Company’s interest in its stores is held through its operating partnership, Extra Space Storage LP (the “Operating Partnership”), which was formed on May 5, 2004. The Company’s primary assets are general partner and limited partner interests in the Operating Partnership, which meets the definition of a variable interest entity and is consolidated. This structure is commonly referred to as an umbrella partnership REIT, or UPREIT.

The Company invests in stores by acquiring wholly-owned stores or by acquiring an equity interest in real estate entities. At September 30, 2023, the Company had direct and indirect equity interests in 2,369 stores. In addition, the Company managed 1,282 stores for third parties, bringing the total number of stores which it owns and/or manages to 3,651. These stores are located in 42 states and Washington, D.C. The Company also offers tenant reinsurance at its owned and managed stores that insures the value of goods in the storage units.
2.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they may not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting" (“ASU 2020-04”). ASU 2020-04 provides temporary optional guidance that provides transition relief for reference rate reform, including optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contract modifications, hedging relationships and other transactions that reference LIBOR or a reference rate that is expected to be discontinued as a result of reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. ASU 2020-04 is effective upon issuance, and the provisions generally can be applied prospectively as of January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2024. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had converted all of its LIBOR-indexed debt and derivatives to SOFR-based indexes (effective with the respective instrument’s next reset date for certain instruments). For all derivatives in hedge accounting relationships, the elective relief in Topic 848 that allows for the continuation of hedge accounting throughout the transition process was utilized.

13


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
3.    FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES

Derivative Financial Instruments
Currently, the Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The fair values of interest rate swaps are determined using the market standard methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash payments and the discounted expected variable cash receipts. The variable cash receipts are based on an expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observable market interest rate forward curves.

The Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. In adjusting the fair value of its derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, the Company has considered the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts and guarantees. In conjunction with the FASB’s fair value measurement guidance, the Company made an accounting policy election to measure the credit risk of its derivative financial instruments that are subject to master netting agreements on a net basis by counterparty portfolio.

Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with its derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and its counterparties. However, as of September 30, 2023, the Company assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions and determined that the credit valuation adjustments were not significant to the overall valuation of its derivatives. As a result, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations in their entirety were classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

The table below presents the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2023, aggregated by the level in the fair value hierarchy within which those measurements fall. 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Other assets - Cash flow hedge swap agreements$ $48,611 $ 
Other liabilities - Cash flow hedge swap agreements$ $ $ 

The Company did not have any significant assets or liabilities that are re-measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs as of September 30, 2023 or December 31, 2022.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Long-lived assets held for use are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment. The Company reviews each store at least annually to determine if any such events or circumstances have occurred or exist. The Company focuses on stores where occupancy and/or rental income have decreased by a significant amount. For these stores, the Company determines whether the decrease is temporary or permanent, and whether the store will likely recover the lost occupancy and/or revenue in the short term. In addition, the Company reviews stores in the lease-up stage and compares actual operating results to original projections.

When the Company determines that an event that may indicate impairment has occurred, the Company compares the carrying value of the related long-lived assets to the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the assets. An impairment loss is recorded if the net carrying value of the assets exceeds the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the assets. The impairment loss recognized equals the excess of net carrying value over the related fair value of the assets.


14


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment at least annually and whenever events, circumstances, and other related factors indicate that the fair value of the related reporting unit may be less than the carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit is determined to exceed the aggregate carrying amount, no impairment charge is recorded. Otherwise, an impairment charge is recorded to the extent the carrying amount of the goodwill exceeds the amount that would be allocated to goodwill if the reporting unit were acquired for estimated fair value.
When real estate assets are identified by management as held for sale, the Company discontinues depreciating the assets and estimates the fair value of the assets, net of selling costs. If the estimated fair value, net of selling costs, of the assets that have been identified as held for sale is less than the net carrying value of the assets, the Company would recognize an impairment loss on the assets held for sale. The operations of assets held for sale or sold during the period is presented as part of normal operations for all periods presented. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had no stores classified as held for sale which are included in real estate assets, net.

The Company assesses annually whether there are any indicators that the value of the Company’s investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures may be impaired and when events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment. An investment is impaired if management’s estimate of the fair value of the investment is less than its carrying value. To the extent impairment has occurred, and is considered to be other than temporary, the loss is measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the investment over the fair value of the investment.

In connection with the Company’s acquisition of stores, the purchase price is allocated to the tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired based on their relative fair values, which are estimated using significant unobservable inputs. The value of the tangible assets, consisting of land and buildings, is determined as if vacant. Intangible assets, which represent the value of existing tenant relationships, are recorded at their fair values based on the avoided cost to replace the current leases. The Company measures the value of tenant relationships based on the rent lost due to the amount of time required to replace existing customers, which is based on the Company’s historical experience with turnover in its stores. Any debt assumed as part of an acquisition is recorded at fair value based on current interest rates compared to contractual rates. Acquisition-related transaction costs are capitalized as part of the purchase price. For acquisitions that meet the definition of a business, the Company estimates the fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities of the acquired entity on the acquisition date. Goodwill is measured as the excess of consideration transferred over the net of the acquisition date fair values of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Acquisition-related expenses arising from the transaction are expensed as incurred. The Company includes the results of operations of the businesses that it acquires beginning on the acquisition date.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, receivables, other financial instruments included in other assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses, variable-rate notes payable, investments in debt securities and notes receivable, lines of credit and other liabilities reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 approximate fair value. Restricted cash is comprised of funds deposited with financial institutions located throughout the United States primarily relating to earnest money deposits on potential acquisitions.

The fair values of the Company’s notes receivable from Preferred and Common Operating Partnership unit holders and other fixed rate notes receivable were based on the discounted estimated future cash flows of the notes (categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy); the discount rate used approximated the current market rate for loans with similar maturities and credit quality. The fair values of the Company’s fixed-rate notes payable were estimated using the discounted estimated future cash payments to be made on such debt (categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy); the discount rates used approximated current market rates for loans, or groups of loans, with similar maturities and credit quality.

15


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated

The fair values of the Company’s fixed-rate assets and liabilities were as follows for the periods indicated:
September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Notes receivable from Preferred and Common Operating Partnership unit holders$1,885 $1,900 $95,965 $101,900 
Fixed rate notes receivable$889 $900 $5,191 $5,241 
Fixed rate debt$6,695,430 $7,654,623 $4,320,014 $4,762,196 

4.    ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS

The Life Storage Merger

On July 20, 2023, the Company closed its merger with Life Storage (the "Life Storage Merger" or "Merger"). Under the terms of the Life Storage Merger, Life Storage stockholders and holders of units of the Life Storage operating partnership received 0.895 of a share of common stock (or OP Unit, as applicable) of the Company for each issued and outstanding share (or operating partnership unit) of Life Storage they owned for total consideration of $11,602,808, based on the Company's closing share price on July 19, 2023. At closing, the Company retired $1,160,000 in balances on Life Storage's line of credit which included $375,000 that Life Storage used to pay off its private placement notes in connection with the closing of the Life Storage Merger. The Company also paid off $32,000 in secured loans. On July 25, 2023, the Company completed obligor exchange offers and consent solicitations (together the "Exchange Offers") related to Life Storage's various senior notes. Upon the closing of the Exchange Offers, a total of $2,351,100 of Life Storage's senior notes were exchanged for senior notes of the same tenor of Extra Space Storage L.P. The remaining Life Storage senior note balances which were not exchanged total $48,900 and no longer have any financial reporting requirements or covenants.

Consideration and Purchase Price Allocation

The Merger was accounted for as an asset acquisition in accordance with ASC Topic 805 which requires that the cost of an acquisition be allocated on a relative fair value basis to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. The following table summarizes the fair value of total consideration transferred in the Life Storage Merger:
Consideration TypeJuly 20, 2023
Common stock$11,353,338 
OP units249,470 
Cash for payoff of Life Storage credit facility and debt1,192,000 
Transaction Costs55,318 
Total consideration$12,850,127 



16


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
July 20, 2023
Real estate assets$14,587,735 
Equity investment in joint venture partnerships325,250 
Cash and other assets107,423 
Intangible assets - other82,000 
Trade name50,000 
Unsecured senior notes(2,106,866)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities(191,077)
Noncontrolling interests(4,338)
Fair value of net assets acquired$12,850,127 

Fair Value Measurement

The estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed were primarily based on information that was available as of the closing date of the Life Storage Merger. The methodology used to estimate the fair values to apply purchase accounting and the ongoing financial statement impact, if any, are summarized below.

Real estate assets – the Company engaged third party valuation specialists to calculate the fair value of the real estate assets acquired by the Company using standard valuation methodologies, including the cost and market approaches. The remaining useful lives for real estate assets, excluding land, were reset to 39 years. The Company also engaged third party valuation specialists to calculate the fair value of tenant relationships for storage leases based on estimated costs the Company avoided to replace them. Tenant relationships are amortized to expense over 18 months, which is based on the Company’s historical experience with turnover in its stores.
Equity investment in joint venture partnerships - the Company calculated the fair value of equity investment in joint venture partnerships based on a direct capitalization of net operating income.
Intangible assets - other – the Company engaged third party valuation specialists to calculate the fair value of customer relationships relating to tenant reinsurance contracts based on the income approach which estimates the potential revenue loss the Company avoided to replace them. These assets are amortized to expense over 36 months, which is based on the Company’s historical experience with average length of stay for tenants.
Trade name – the Company engaged third party valuation specialists to calculate the fair value of trade names based on royalty payments avoided had the trade name been owned by a third party. This is determined using market royalty rates and a discounted cash flow analysis under the relief-from-royalty method to estimate the fair value of the trade name. This method incorporates various assumptions, including projected revenue growth rates, the terminal growth rate, the royalty rate to be applied, and the discount rate utilized.
Unsecured senior notes – the Company calculated the fair value of the unsecured senior notes using standard valuation methodology, including readily available market data. The below-market value of debt is recorded as a debt discount and reported as a reduction of the unsecured senior notes balance on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The discount is amortized using effective interest method as an increase to interest expense over the remaining terms of the unsecured senior notes.
Other assets and liabilities – the carrying values of cash, accounts receivable, prepaids and other assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities represented the fair values.


17


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
September 30, 2023Three Months Ended September 30, 2023Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023
Intangible Assets:Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationAmortization ExpenseAmortization Expense
Trade name$50,000 $— $— $— 
Intangible assets - other82,000 4,723 4,723 4,723 
132,000 4,723 4,723 4,723 
Estimated Aggregate Amortization Expense
Intangible Assets:202420252026
Trade name$— $— $— 
Intangible assets - other23,375 19,833