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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission File Number: 001-32269
EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 

Maryland 20-1076777
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

2795 East Cottonwood Parkway, Suite 300
Salt Lake City, Utah 84121
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (801365-4600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueEXRNew York Stock Exchange

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer x  Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company

1


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, as of April 30, 2020, was 129,086,589.
2

Table of Contents
EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

3


STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Certain information presented in this report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements concerning our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, future revenues or performance, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions relating to acquisitions and other information that is not historical information. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipates” or “intends” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. We may also make additional forward-looking statements from time to time. All such subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, by us or on our behalf, are also expressly qualified by these cautionary statements.

All forward-looking statements, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends and estimates of future earnings, are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved. All forward-looking statements apply only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements which may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in or contemplated by this report. Any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of the risks referenced in “Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors” below and in “Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Such factors include, but are not limited to:
 
adverse changes in general economic conditions, the real estate industry and the markets in which we operate;
failure to close pending acquisitions and developments on expected terms, or at all;
the effect of competition from new and existing stores or other storage alternatives, which could cause rents and occupancy rates to decline;
potential liability for uninsured losses and environmental contamination;
the impact of the regulatory environment as well as national, state, and local laws and regulations including, without limitation, those governing real estate investment trusts (“REITs”), tenant reinsurance and other aspects of our business, which could adversely affect our results;
disruptions in credit and financial markets and resulting difficulties in raising capital or obtaining credit at reasonable rates or at all, which could impede our ability to grow;
impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic, including reduced demand for self-storage space and ancillary products and services such as tenant reinsurance, and potential decreases in occupancy and rental rates and staffing levels, which could adversely affect our results;
increased interest rates;
reductions in asset valuations and related impairment charges;
our lack of sole decision-making authority with respect to our joint venture investments;
the effect of recent or future changes to U.S. tax laws;
the failure to maintain our REIT status for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and
economic uncertainty due to the impact of natural disasters, war or terrorism, which could adversely affect our business plan.
The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations are subject to risks and uncertainties and can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these risks before you make an investment decision with respect to our securities.

We disclaim any duty or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements set forth in this report to reflect new information, future events or otherwise.
4


PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
March 31, 2020December 31, 2019
(unaudited)
Assets:
Real estate assets, net$7,689,621  $7,696,864  
Real estate assets - operating lease right-of-use assets259,681  264,643  
Investments in unconsolidated real estate entities342,404  338,054  
Cash and cash equivalents93,297  65,746  
Restricted cash 4,633  4,987  
Other assets, net159,850  162,083  
Total assets $8,549,486  $8,532,377  
Liabilities, Noncontrolling Interests and Equity:
Notes payable, net$4,310,476  $4,318,973  
Exchangeable senior notes, net571,321  569,513  
Revolving lines of credit244,000  158,000  
Operating lease liabilities270,174  274,783  
Cash distributions in unconsolidated real estate ventures45,712  45,264  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses116,069  111,382  
Other liabilities217,104  132,768  
Total liabilities 5,774,856  5,610,683  
Commitments and contingencies
Noncontrolling Interests and Equity:
Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders' equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
    
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized, 129,038,907 and 129,534,407 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
1,290  1,295  
Additional paid-in capital2,872,933  2,868,681  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(113,840) (28,966) 
Accumulated deficit(362,264) (301,049) 
Total Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders' equity2,398,119  2,539,961  
Noncontrolling interest represented by Preferred Operating Partnership units, net 175,319  175,948  
Noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership, net and other noncontrolling interests201,192  205,785  
Total noncontrolling interests and equity2,774,630  2,921,694  
Total liabilities, noncontrolling interests and equity$8,549,486  $8,532,377  

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 20202019
Revenues:
Property rental$286,703  $271,003  
Tenant reinsurance33,613  29,797  
Management fees and other income12,136  10,746  
Total revenues332,452  311,546  
Expenses:
Property operations90,297  78,765  
Tenant reinsurance 6,678  6,967  
General and administrative23,011  22,678  
Depreciation and amortization55,275  54,659  
Total expenses175,261  163,069  
Income from operations157,191  148,477  
Interest expense(44,358) (47,360) 
Non-cash interest expense related to amortization of discount on equity component of exchangeable senior notes(1,209) (1,162) 
Interest income1,674  1,388  
Income before equity in earnings of unconsolidated real estate entities and income tax expense113,298  101,343  
Equity in earnings and dividend income from unconsolidated real estate entities5,043  2,630  
Income tax expense(2,179) (1,813) 
Net income116,162  102,160  
Net income allocated to Preferred Operating Partnership noncontrolling interests(3,111) (3,163) 
Net income allocated to Operating Partnership and other noncontrolling interests(4,872) (4,227) 
Net income attributable to common stockholders$108,179  $94,770  
Earnings per common share
Basic $0.84  $0.74  
Diluted $0.83  $0.74  
Weighted average number of shares
Basic129,288,629  127,037,247  
Diluted137,139,560  134,289,716  
Cash dividends paid per common share$0.90  $0.86  

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 20202019
Net income$116,162  $102,160  
Other comprehensive income (loss):
   Change in fair value of interest rate swaps(89,244) (23,993) 
Total comprehensive income26,918  78,167  
   Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests3,613  6,240  
Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders$23,305  $71,927  


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)


 Noncontrolling InterestsExtra Space Storage Inc. Stockholders' Equity 
       
 Preferred Operating PartnershipOperating PartnershipOtherSharesPar ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeAccumulated DeficitTotal Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
Balances at December 31, 2018$153,096  $218,362  $240  127,103,750  $1,271  $2,640,705  $34,650  $(262,902) $2,785,422  
Issuance of common stock upon the exercise of options—  —  —  169,021  3  1,754  —  —  1,757  
Restricted stock grants issued—  —  —  35,022  —  —  —  —    
Restricted stock grants cancelled—  —  —  (1,244) —  —  —  —    
Compensation expense related to stock-based awards—  —  —  —  —  2,954  —  —  2,954  
Redemption of Operating Partnership units for stock—  (3,310) —  85,501  —  3,310  —  —    
Issuance of Preferred D Units in the Operating Partnership in conjunction with acquisitions23,447  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  23,447  
Net income3,164  4,235  (9) —  —  —  —  94,770  102,160  
Other comprehensive income(147) (1,003) —  —  —  —  (22,843) —  (23,993) 
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(3,296) (5,116) —  —  —  —  —  —  (8,412) 
Dividends paid on common stock at $0.86 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  (109,523) (109,523) 
Balances at March 31, 2019$176,264  $213,168  $231  127,392,050  $1,274  $2,648,723  $11,807  $(277,655) $2,773,812  


8

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
(amounts in thousands, except share data)
(unaudited)

Noncontrolling InterestExtra Space Storage Inc. Stockholders' Equity
Preferred Operating PartnershipOperating PartnershipOtherSharesPar ValueAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeAccumulated DeficitTotal Noncontrolling Interests and Equity
Balances at December 31, 2019$175,948  $205,419  $366  129,534,407  $1,295  $2,868,681  $(28,966) $(301,049) $2,921,694  
Issuance of common stock upon the exercise of options—  —  —  77,400  1  943  —  —  944  
Issuance of common stock in connection with share based compensation—  —  —  73,602  1  2,979  —  —  2,980  
Restricted stock grants cancelled—  —  —  (1,767) —  —  —  —    
Buyback of common stock, net of offering costs—  —  —  (653,597) (7) —  —  (52,197) (52,204) 
Redemption of Operating Partnership units for stock—  (330) —  8,862  —  330  —  —    
Net income3,112  4,877  (6) —  —  —  —  108,179  116,162  
Other comprehensive income(563) (3,807) —  —  —  —  (84,874) —  (89,244) 
Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests(3,178) (5,327) —  —  —  —  —  —  (8,505) 
Dividends paid on common stock at $0.90 per share
—  —  —  —  —  —  —  (117,197) (117,197) 
Balances at March 31, 2020$175,319  $200,832  $360  129,038,907  $1,290  $2,872,933  $(113,840) $(362,264) $2,774,630  

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
9



Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited) 

 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 20202019
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$116,162  $102,160  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization55,275  54,659  
Amortization of deferred financing costs2,830  3,034  
Non-cash interest expense related to amortization of discount on equity component of exchangeable senior notes1,209  1,162  
Non-cash lease expense353    
Compensation expense related to stock-based awards2,980  2,954  
Distributions from unconsolidated real estate ventures in excess of earnings2,539  1,732  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Other assets2,490  (305) 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses3,727  6,418  
Other liabilities1,691  (2,475) 
Net cash provided by operating activities189,256  169,339  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Acquisition of real estate assets(30,164) (212,552) 
Development and redevelopment of real estate assets(15,373) (15,846) 
Investment in unconsolidated real estate entities(6,441) (17,395) 
Issuance of notes receivable(7,500)   
Purchase of equipment and fixtures(1,095) (1,182) 
Net cash used in investing activities(60,573) (246,975) 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from notes payable and revolving lines of credit268,000  424,000  
Principal payments on notes payable and revolving lines of credit(192,508) (225,020) 
Principal payments on notes payable to trusts  (30,928) 
Deferred financing costs(16) (100) 
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options944  1,757  
Repurchase of common stock(52,204)   
Dividends paid on common stock(117,197) (109,523) 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(8,505) (8,412) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(101,486) 51,774  
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash27,197  (25,862) 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of the period70,733  72,690  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of the period$97,930  $46,828  
10



Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited) 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 20202019
Supplemental schedule of cash flow information
Interest paid$41,013  $45,165  
Income taxes paid976  (177) 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities:
Redemption of Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests for common stock
Noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership$(330) $(3,310) 
Common stock and paid-in capital330  3,310  
Establishment of operating lease right of use assets and lease liabilities
Real estate assets - operating lease right-of-use assets$  $95,506  
Operating lease liabilities  (104,863) 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  9,357  
Acquisitions of real estate assets
Real estate assets, net$  $19,937  
Notes payable assumed  (17,157) 
Investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures  (2,780) 
Accrued construction costs and capital expenditures
Acquisition of real estate assets$960  $780  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(960) (780) 
Contribution of Preferred OP Units to unconsolidated real estate venture
Investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures$  $23,447  
Value of Preferred Operating Partnership units issued  (23,447) 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

11


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated


 
1.ORGANIZATION
Extra Space Storage Inc. (the “Company”) is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”), formed as a Maryland corporation on April 30, 2004, to own, operate, manage, acquire, develop and redevelop professionally managed self-storage properties ("stores") located throughout the United States. The Company was formed to continue the business of Extra Space Storage LLC and its subsidiaries, which had engaged in the self-storage business since 1977. The Company’s interest in its stores is held through its operating partnership, Extra Space Storage LP (the “Operating Partnership”), which was formed on May 5, 2004. The Company’s primary assets are general partner and limited partner interests in the Operating Partnership. This structure is commonly referred to as an umbrella partnership REIT, or UPREIT.

The Company invests in stores by acquiring wholly-owned stores or by acquiring an equity interest in real estate entities. At March 31, 2020, the Company had direct and indirect equity interests in 1,176 stores. In addition, the Company managed 676 stores for third parties, bringing the total number of stores which it owns and/or manages to 1,852. These stores are located in 40 states, Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico. The Company also offers tenant reinsurance at its owned and managed stores that insures the value of goods in the storage units.
2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they may not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." ASU 2016-13 changes how entities measure credit losses for most financial assets. This standard requires an entity to estimate its lifetime "expected credit loss" and record an allowance that, when deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, presents the net amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-19, "Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses," which clarified that receivables arising from operating leases are within the scope of the leasing standard (ASU 2016-02), and not within the scope of ASU 2016-13. This new standard became effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard by the Company did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)." ASU 2020-04 contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of the guidance and may apply other elections as applicable as additional changes in the market occur.
12


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
3. FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES

Derivative Financial Instruments
Currently, the Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The fair values of interest rate swaps are determined using the market standard methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash payments and the discounted expected variable cash receipts. The variable cash receipts are based on an expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observable market interest rate forward curves.

The Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. In adjusting the fair value of its derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, the Company has considered the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts and guarantees. In conjunction with the FASB’s fair value measurement guidance, the Company made an accounting policy election to measure the credit risk of its derivative financial instruments that are subject to master netting agreements on a net basis by counterparty portfolio.

Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with its derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and its counterparties. However, as of March 31, 2020, the Company assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions and determined that the credit valuation adjustments were not significant to the overall valuation of its derivatives. As a result, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations in their entirety were classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

The table below presents the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020, aggregated by the level in the fair value hierarchy within which those measurements fall. 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
DescriptionQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Other liabilities - Cash flow hedge swap agreements$  $113,986  $  

The Company did not have any significant assets or liabilities that are re-measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs as of March 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Long-lived assets held for use are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment. The Company reviews each store at least annually to determine if any such events or circumstances have occurred or exist. The Company focuses on stores where occupancy and/or rental income have decreased by a significant amount. For these stores, the Company determines whether the decrease is temporary or permanent, and whether the store will likely recover the lost occupancy and/or revenue in the short term. In addition, the Company reviews stores in the lease-up stage and compares actual operating results to original projections.

When the Company determines that an event that may indicate impairment has occurred, the Company compares the carrying value of the related long-lived assets to the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the assets. An impairment loss is recorded if the net carrying value of the assets exceeds the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the assets. The impairment loss recognized equals the excess of net carrying value over the related fair value of the assets.

When real estate assets are identified by management as held for sale, the Company discontinues depreciating the assets and estimates the fair value of the assets, net of selling costs. If the estimated fair value, net of selling costs, of the assets that have
13


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
been identified as held for sale is less than the net carrying value of the assets, the Company would recognize an impairment loss on the assets held for sale. The operations of assets held for sale or sold during the period are presented as part of normal operations for all periods presented. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had one parcel of land classified as held for sale which is included in real estate assets, net. The estimated fair value less selling costs for this asset is greater than the carrying value of the asset, and therefore no loss has been recorded.

The Company assesses annually whether there are any indicators that the value of the Company’s investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures may be impaired annually and when events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment. An investment is impaired if management’s estimate of the fair value of the investment is less than its carrying value. To the extent impairment has occurred, and is considered to be other than temporary, the loss is measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the investment over the fair value of the investment.

In connection with the Company’s acquisition of stores, the purchase price is allocated to the tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired based on their relative fair values, which are estimated using significant unobservable inputs. The value of the tangible assets, consisting of land and buildings, is determined as if vacant. Intangible assets, which represent the value of existing tenant relationships, are recorded at their fair values based on the avoided cost to replace the current leases. The Company measures the value of tenant relationships based on the rent lost due to the amount of time required to replace existing customers, which is based on the Company’s historical experience with turnover in its stores. Any debt assumed as part of an acquisition is recorded at fair value based on current interest rates compared to contractual rates. Acquisition-related transaction costs are capitalized as part of the purchase price.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, receivables, other financial instruments included in other assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses, variable-rate notes payable, lines of credit and other liabilities reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 approximate fair value. Restricted cash is comprised of escrowed funds deposited with financial institutions located throughout the United States relating to earnest money deposits on potential acquisitions, real estate taxes, loan collateral, operating reserves and insurance and capital expenditures.

The fair values of the Company’s notes receivable from Preferred and Common Operating Partnership unit holders, were based on the discounted estimated future cash flows of the notes (categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy); the discount rate used approximated the current market rate for loans with similar maturities and credit quality. The fair values of the Company’s fixed-rate notes payable were estimated using the discounted estimated future cash payments to be made on such debt (categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy); the discount rates used approximated current market rates for loans, or groups of loans, with similar maturities and credit quality. The fair value of the Company’s exchangeable senior notes was estimated using an average market price for similar securities obtained from a third party.

The fair values of the Company’s fixed-rate assets and liabilities were as follows for the periods indicated:
March 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Notes receivable from Preferred and Common Operating Partnership unit holders$119,016  $118,524  $116,184  $118,524  
Fixed rate notes payable$3,599,824  $3,460,253  $3,511,151  $3,417,928  
Exchangeable senior notes$635,375  $575,000  $673,831  $575,000  

14


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
4. EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

Basic earnings per common share is computed using the two-class method by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. All outstanding unvested restricted stock awards contain rights to non-forfeitable dividends and participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders; accordingly, they are considered participating securities that are included in the two-class method. Diluted earnings per common share measures the performance of the Company over the reporting period while giving effect to all potential common shares that were dilutive and outstanding during the period. The denominator includes the weighted average number of basic shares and the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares that were dilutive had been issued, and is calculated using either the two-class, treasury stock or as if-converted method, whichever is most dilutive. Potential common shares are securities (such as options, convertible debt, Series A Participating Redeemable Preferred Units (“Series A Units”), Series B Redeemable Preferred Units (“Series B Units”), Series C Convertible Redeemable Preferred Units (“Series C Units”), Series D Redeemable Preferred Units (“Series D Units” and, together with the Series A Units, Series B Units and Series C Units, the “Preferred OP Units”) and common Operating Partnership units (“OP Units”)) that do not have a current right to participate in earnings of the Company but could do so in the future by virtue of their option, redemption or conversion right.

In computing the dilutive effect of convertible securities, net income is adjusted to add back any changes in earnings in the period associated with the convertible security. The numerator also is adjusted for the effects of any other non-discretionary changes in income or loss that would result from the assumed conversion of those potential common shares. In computing diluted earnings per common share, only potential common shares that are dilutive (i.e. those that reduce earnings per common share) are included. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, and 2019, there were no anti-dilutive options.

For the purposes of computing the diluted impact of the potential exchange of the Preferred Operating Partnership units for common shares upon redemption, where the Company has the option to redeem in cash or shares and where the Company has stated the intent and ability to settle the redemption in shares, the Company divided the total value of the Preferred Operating Partnership units by the average share price for the period presented. The average share price for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $104.13 and $96.05, respectively.

The following table presents the number of Preferred Operating Partnership units, and the potential common shares, that were excluded from the computation of earnings per share as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20202019
Equivalent Shares (if converted)Equivalent Shares (if converted)
Series B Units402,403  436,254  
Series C Units (1)  129,763  
Series D Units1,153,233  1,083,265  
1,555,636  1,649,282  

(1) The remainder of the Series C Units were converted to OP Units on April 25, 2019.

The Operating Partnership had $575,000 of its 3.125% Exchangeable Senior Notes due 2035 (the “2015 Notes”) issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020. The 2015 Notes could potentially have a dilutive impact on the Company’s earnings per share calculations. The 2015 Notes are exchangeable by holders into shares of the Company’s common stock under certain circumstances per the terms of the indenture governing the 2015 Notes. The exchange price of the 2015 Notes was $91.46 per share as of March 31, 2020, and could change over time as described in the indenture. The Company has irrevocably agreed to pay only cash for the accreted principal amount of the 2015 Notes relative to its exchange obligations, but retained the right to satisfy the exchange obligation in excess of the accreted principal amount in cash and/or common stock.

Although the Company has retained the right to satisfy the exchange obligation in excess of the accreted principal amount of the 2015 Notes in cash and/or common stock, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 260, “Earnings per Share,” requires an assumption that shares would be used to pay the exchange obligation in excess of the accreted principal amount, and requires that those shares be included in the Company’s calculation of weighted average common shares outstanding for the diluted
15


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
earnings per share computation. For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, 764,703 and 226,527 shares, respectively, related to the 2015 Notes were included in the computation for diluted earnings per share.

For the purposes of computing the diluted impact on earnings per share of the potential exchange of Series A Units for common shares upon redemption, where the Company has the option to redeem in cash or shares and where the Company has stated the positive intent and ability to settle at least $101,700 of the instrument in cash (or net settle a portion of the Series A Units against the related outstanding note receivable), only the amount of the instrument in excess of $101,700 is considered in the calculation of shares contingently issuable for the purposes of computing diluted earnings per share as allowed by ASC 260-10-45-46. Accordingly, the number of shares included in the computation for diluted earnings per share related to the Series A Units is equal to the number of Series A Units outstanding, with no additional shares included related to the fixed $101,700 amount.

The computation of earnings per common share is as follows for the periods presented:
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
20202019
Net income attributable to common stockholders$108,179  $94,770  
Earnings and dividends allocated to participating securities(163) (167) 
Earnings for basic computations108,016  94,603  
Earnings and dividends allocated to participating securities163    
Income allocated to noncontrolling interest - Preferred Operating Partnership Units and Operating Partnership Units6,171  5,429  
Fixed component of income allocated to noncontrolling interest - Preferred Operating Partnership (Series A Units)(572) (572) 
Net income for diluted computations$113,778  $99,460  
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Average number of common shares outstanding - basic 129,288,629  127,037,247  
OP Units5,919,705  5,960,981  
Series A Units875,480  875,480  
Unvested restricted stock awards included for treasury stock method211,602    
Shares related to exchangeable senior notes and dilutive stock options844,144  416,008  
Average number of common shares outstanding - diluted137,139,560  134,289,716  
Earnings per common share
Basic$0.84  $0.74  
Diluted$0.83  $0.74  

16


EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited) (continued)
Amounts in thousands, except store and share data, unless otherwise stated
5. STORE ACQUISITIONS

The following table shows the Company’s acquisitions of stores for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The table excludes purchases of raw land and improvements made to existing assets. All acquisitions are considered asset acquisitions under ASU 2017-01, "Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business."
Consideration PaidTotal
QuarterNumber of StoresTotalCash PaidLoan AssumedInvestments in Real Estate VenturesNet Liabilities/ (Assets) AssumedReal estate assets