Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

x

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009

 

 

 

Or

 

 

 

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

For the transition period from                  to                 .

 

Commission File Number: 001-32269

 

EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland

 

20-1076777

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

2795 East Cottonwood Parkway, Suite 400

Salt Lake City, Utah 84121

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (801) 562-5556

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x    No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o   No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o  No  x

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, as of April 30, 2009 was 86,382,948.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

EXTRA SPACE STORAGE INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

3

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

4

 

 

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

4

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

29

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

40

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

41

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

41

 

 

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

41

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

41

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

41

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

41

ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS

 

42

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

42

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

42

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

43

 

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Table of Contents

 

STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

Certain information set forth in this report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements concerning our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, future revenues or performance, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions relating to acquisitions and other information that is not historical information. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipates,” or “intends” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy. We may also make additional forward-looking statements from time to time. All such subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, by us or on our behalf, are also expressly qualified by these cautionary statements.

 

All forward-looking statements, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends and estimate of future earnings, are based upon our current expectations and various assumptions. Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and we believe there is a reasonable basis for them, but there can be no assurance that management’s expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved. All forward-looking statements apply only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements which may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in or contemplated by this report. Any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of the risks referenced in “Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors” below and in “Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Such factors include, but are not limited to:

 

·

changes in general economic conditions and in the markets in which we operate;

 

 

·

the effect of competition from new self-storage facilities or other storage alternatives, which could cause rents and occupancy rates to decline;

 

 

·

potential liability for uninsured losses and environmental contamination;

 

 

·

difficulties in our ability to evaluate, finance and integrate acquired and developed properties into our existing operations and to lease up those properties, which could adversely affect our profitability;

 

 

·

the impact of the regulatory environment as well as national, state, and local laws and regulations including, without limitation, those governing real estate investment trusts, or REITs, which could increase our expenses and reduce our cash available for distribution;

 

 

·

recent disruptions in credit and financial markets and resulting difficulties in raising capital at reasonable rates, which could impede our ability to grow;

 

 

·

delays in the development and construction process, which could adversely affect our profitability;

 

 

·

economic uncertainty due to the impact of war or terrorism, which could adversely affect our business plan;

 

 

·

the successful realignment of our executive management team; and

 

 

·

our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel and management members.

 

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Table of Contents

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Extra Space Storage Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

(As revised - see Note 2)

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating real estate assets

 

$

1,955,543

 

$

1,938,922

 

Real estate under development

 

77,022

 

58,734

 

Net real estate assets

 

2,032,565

 

1,997,656

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate ventures

 

135,785

 

136,791

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

54,478

 

63,972

 

Restricted cash

 

34,877

 

38,678

 

Receivables from related parties and affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

5,035

 

11,335

 

Other assets, net

 

40,996

 

42,576

 

Total assets

 

$

2,303,736

 

$

2,291,008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities, Noncontrolling Interests and Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable

 

$

945,288

 

$

943,598

 

Notes payable to trusts

 

119,590

 

119,590

 

Exchangeable senior notes

 

138,163

 

209,663

 

Discount on exchangeable senior notes

 

(7,982

)

(13,031

)

Line of credit

 

100,000

 

27,000

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

33,343

 

35,128

 

Other liabilities

 

22,297

 

22,267

 

Total liabilities

 

1,350,699

 

1,344,215

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 86,104,311 and 85,790,331 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively

 

861

 

858

 

Paid-in capital

 

1,131,150

 

1,130,964

 

Accumulated other comprehensive deficit

 

(1,045

)

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(238,880

)

(246,328

)

Total Extra Space Storage Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

892,086

 

885,494

 

Noncontrolling interest represented by Preferred Operating Partnership units, net of $100,000 note receivable

 

28,382

 

28,529

 

Noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership

 

30,580

 

31,212

 

Other noncontrolling interests

 

1,989

 

1,558

 

Total equity

 

953,037

 

946,793

 

Total liabilities, noncontrolling interests and equity

 

$

2,303,736

 

$

2,291,008

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

Extra Space Storage Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

(As revised - see Note 2)

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

Property rental

 

$

59,409

 

$

57,024

 

Management and franchise fees

 

5,219

 

5,077

 

Tenant reinsurance

 

4,619

 

3,478

 

Other income

 

7

 

128

 

Total revenues

 

69,254

 

65,707

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Property operations

 

22,867

 

20,641

 

Tenant reinsurance

 

1,261

 

1,162

 

Unrecovered development and acquisition costs

 

82

 

164

 

General and administrative

 

11,246

 

10,179

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,523

 

11,581

 

Total expenses

 

47,979

 

43,727

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before interest, equity in earnings of real estate ventures, gain on repurchase of exchangeable senior notes and loss on sale of investments available for sale

 

21,275

 

21,980

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(15,795

)

(16,354

)

Non-cash interest expense related to amortization of discount on exchangeable senior notes

 

(841

)

(1,029

)

Interest income

 

532

 

425

 

Interest income on note receivable from Preferred Operating Partnership unit holder

 

1,213

 

1,213

 

Equity in earnings of real estate ventures

 

1,895

 

1,222

 

Gain on repurchase of exchangeable senior notes

 

22,483

 

 

Loss on sale of investments available for sale

 

 

(1,415

)

Net income

 

30,762

 

6,042

 

Net income allocated to Preferred Operating Partnership

 

(1,551

)

(1,256

)

Net (income) loss allocated to Operating Partnership and other noncontrolling interests

 

(237

)

885

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

28,974

 

$

5,671

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.09

 

Diluted

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

85,940,389

 

66,165,159

 

Diluted

 

91,222,295

 

71,699,461

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends paid per common share

 

$

0.25

 

$

0.25

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Extra Space Storage Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity

(in thousands, except share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interests

 

Extra Space Storage Inc. Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paid-in

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

 

Accumulated

 

Total

 

 

 

Preferred OP

 

OP

 

Other

 

Shares

 

Par Value

 

Capital

 

Deficit

 

Deficit

 

Equity

 

Balances at December 31, 2008 (As previously reported)

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

85,790,331

 

$

858

 

$

1,109,185

 

$

 

$

(237,580

)

$

872,463

 

Adjustments (See Note 2)

 

28,529

 

31,212

 

1,558

 

 

 

21,779

 

 

(8,748

)

74,330

 

Balances at December 31, 2008 (As revised)

 

28,529

 

31,212

 

1,558

 

85,790,331

 

858

 

1,130,964

 

 

(246,328

)

946,793

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted stock grants issued

 

 

 

 

315,037

 

3

 

 

 

 

3

 

Restricted stock grants cancelled

 

 

 

 

(1,057

)

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation expense related to stock-based awards

 

 

 

 

 

 

899

 

 

 

899

 

Noncontrolling interest consolidated as business acquisition

 

 

 

680

 

 

 

 

 

 

680

 

Repurchase of equity portion of exchangeable senior notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

(713

)

 

 

(713

)

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

1,551

 

486

 

(249

)

 

 

 

 

28,974

 

30,762

 

Change in fair value of interest rate swap

 

(12

)

(52

)

 

 

 

 

(1,045

)

 

(1,109

)

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29,653

 

Distributions to Operating Partnership units held by noncontrolling interests

 

(1,686

)

(1,066

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,752

)

Dividends paid on common stock at $0.25 per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(21,526

)

(21,526

)

Balances at March 31, 2009

 

$

28,382

 

$

30,580

 

$

1,989

 

86,104,311

 

$

861

 

$

1,131,150

 

$

(1,045

)

$

(238,880

)

$

953,037

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

(As revised - see Note 2)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

30,762

 

$

6,042

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

12,523

 

11,581

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

883

 

861

 

Non-cash interest expense related to amortization of discount on exchangeable senior notes

 

841

 

1,029

 

Compensation expense related to stock-based awards

 

899

 

800

 

Gain on repurchase of exchangeable senior notes

 

(22,483

)

 

Loss on investments available for sale

 

 

1,415

 

Distributions from real estate ventures in excess of earnings

 

1,540

 

1,224

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables from related parties

 

(3,675

)

(2,143

)

Other assets

 

317

 

(947

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

(1,481

)

3,441

 

Other liabilities

 

(1,508

)

896

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

18,618

 

24,199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of real estate assets

 

(19,612

)

(8,327

)

Development and construction of real estate assets

 

(17,521

)

(14,588

)

Investments in real estate ventures

 

(114

)

(766

)

Net proceeds from sale of investments available for sale

 

 

21,812

 

Change in restricted cash

 

3,811

 

236

 

Purchase of equipment and fixtures

 

(207

)

(347

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(33,643

)

(1,980

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase of exchangeable senior notes

 

(44,513

)

 

Proceeds from notes payable and line of credit

 

150,586

 

1,182

 

Principal payments on notes payable and line of credit

 

(75,131

)

(1,082

)

Deferred financing costs

 

(1,133

)

(13

)

Net proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

634

 

Dividends paid on common stock

 

(21,526

)

(16,604

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interests in Operating Partnership

 

(2,752

)

(2,703

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

5,531

 

(18,586

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(9,494

)

3,633

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period

 

63,972

 

17,377

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period

 

$

54,478

 

$

21,010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental schedule of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized

 

$

15,085

 

$

13,017

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

Extra Space Storage Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
Amounts in thousands, except property and share data

 

1.               ORGANIZATION

 

Extra Space Storage Inc. (the “Company”) is a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”), formed as a Maryland corporation on April 30, 2004 to own, operate, manage, acquire, develop and redevelop professionally managed self-storage facilities located throughout the United States. The Company continues the business of Extra Space Storage LLC and its subsidiaries, which had engaged in the self-storage business since 1977. The Company’s interest in its properties is held through its operating partnership, Extra Space Storage LP (the “Operating Partnership”), which was formed on May 5, 2004. The Company’s primary assets are general partner and limited partner interests in the Operating Partnership. This structure is commonly referred to as an umbrella partnership REIT, or UPREIT. The Company has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”). To the extent the Company continues to qualify as a REIT, it will not be subject to tax, with certain limited exceptions, on the taxable income that is distributed to its stockholders.

 

The Company invests in self-storage facilities by acquiring or developing wholly-owned facilities or by acquiring an equity interest in real estate entities.  At March 31, 2009, the Company had direct and indirect equity interests in 628 operating storage facilities located in 33 states and Washington, D.C.  In addition, the Company managed 70 properties for franchisees and third parties, bringing the total number of operating properties which it owns and/or manages to 698.

 

The Company operates in two distinct segments: (1) property management, acquisition and development; and (2) rental operations. The Company’s property management, acquisition and development activities include managing, acquiring, developing and selling self-storage facilities. The rental operations activities include rental operations of self-storage facilities. No single tenant accounts for more than 5% of rental income.

 

2.              BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they may not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2009. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2008 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the 2008 financial statements and supporting note disclosures have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.  Such reclassification did not impact previously reported net income or accumulated deficit.

 

Revisions to Prior Period Numbers

 

Effective January 1, 2009, the Company adopted certain recently issued accounting standards that required the Company to retroactively adopt the presentation and disclosure requirements and to restate prior period financial statements as noted in “Recently Issued Accounting Standards,” below.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“FAS 157”).  FAS 157 defines fair value, establishes guidelines for measuring fair value and expands disclosures regarding fair value measurement.  FAS 157 applies under other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements, and does not require any new fair value measurements.  FAS 157 was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years.  In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Statement of Position

 

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Table of Contents

 

No. 157-2, “Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157” (“the FSP”).  The FSP amends FAS 157 to delay the effective date for FAS 157 for nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities, except for items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis.  The Company adopted FAS 157 effective January 1, 2008, except as it related to nonfinancial assets and liabilities.  The Company adopted FAS 157 for nonfinancial assets and liabilities effective January 1, 2009.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued revised Statement No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“FAS 141(R)”).  FAS 141(R) establishes principles and requirements for how an acquirer in a business combination recognizes and measures in its financial statements the assets acquired and liabilities assumed.  Generally, assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a transaction are recorded at the acquisition-date fair value with limited exceptions.  FAS 141(R) also changed the accounting treatment and disclosure for certain specific items in a business combination.  FAS 141(R) applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first fiscal year beginning on or after December 15, 2008.  The Company adopted FAS 141(R) for all acquisitions subsequent to January 1, 2009.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — An Amendment of ARB No. 51” (“FAS 160”).  FAS 160 establishes new accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary.  FAS 160 requires a company to clearly identify and present ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the company in the consolidated financial statements within the equity section but separate from the company’s equity.  FAS 160 also requires the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of operations and requires changes in ownership interest to be accounted for similarly as equity transactions.  As a result of the issuance of FAS 160, the guidance in EITF Topic D-98, “Classification and Measurement of Redeemable Securities” was amended to include redeemable noncontrolling interests within its scope.  If noncontrolling interests are determined to be redeemable, they are to be carried at the higher of a) their carrying value or b) their redemption value as of the balance sheet date and reported as temporary equity.  FAS 160 requires retroactive adoption of the presentation and disclosure requirements for existing noncontrolling interests, with all other requirements applied prospectively. The Company adopted FAS 160 and related guidance effective January 1, 2009.

 

In March 2008, the FASB issued Statement No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities” (“FAS 161”). FAS 161 changes the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities. Entities are required to provide enhanced disclosures stating how and why an entity uses derivative instruments; how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS No. 133 and its related interpretations; and how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. FAS 161 requires that objectives for using derivative instruments be disclosed in terms of underlying risk and accounting designation. FAS 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008.  FAS 161 also encourages but does not require comparative disclosures for earlier periods at initial adoption. The Company adopted FAS 161 effective January 1, 2009.  Since FAS 161 only requires additional disclosures concerning derivatives and hedging activities, the adoption of FAS 161 did not have any impact on the Company’s net income, cash flows, or financial position.

 

In May 2008, the FASB issued FASB Statement of Position No. APB 14-1, “Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash upon Conversion (Including Partial Cash Settlement)” (“FSP APB 14-1”).  Under FSP APB 14-1, entities with convertible debt instruments that may be settled entirely or partially in cash upon conversion should separately account for the liability and equity components of the instrument in a manner that reflects the issuer’s economic interest cost. The effect of the adoption FSP APB 14-1 on the Company’s exchangeable senior notes is that the equity component is included in the paid-in-capital section of stockholders’ equity on the consolidated balance sheet and the value of the equity component is treated as original issue discount for purposes of accounting for the debt component. The original issue discount is amortized over the period of the debt as additional interest expense.  FSP APB 14-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with retrospective application required.  The Company adopted FSP APB 14-1 effective January 1, 2009.

 

In April 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets” (“FSP FAS 142-3”).  FSP FAS 142-3 amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used in determining the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.”  This new guidance applies prospectively to intangible assets that are acquired individually or with a group of other assets in business combinations and asset acquisitions.  FSP FAS 142-3 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2008.  The Company adopted FSP FAS 142-3 for all acquisitions subsequent to January 1, 2009.

 

In June 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position EITF 03-6-1, “Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions Are Participating Securities,” (“FSP EITF 03-6-1”).  FSP EITF 03-6-1 provides that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and shall be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method as described in FASB

 

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Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 128, “Earnings per Share.”  FSP EITF 03-6-1 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008.  The Company adopted FSP EITF 03-6-1 effective January 1, 2009 and has applied this guidance to all periods presented.

 

In April 2009, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, “Interim Disclosures About Fair Value of Financial Instruments” (“FSP 107-1”), which amends FASB Statement No. 107, “Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments,” to require disclosures about fair-value of financial instruments for interim reporting periods of publicly-traded companies as well as in annual financial statements. In addition, FSP 107-1 amends APB Opinion No. 28, “Interim Financial Reporting,” to require those disclosures in summarized financial information at interim reporting periods. Companies will also be required to disclose the method and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair-value of financial instruments and describe any changes in the methods or methodology occurring during the period. FSP 107-1 is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009, with early adoption permitted, but does not require disclosures for earlier periods presented for comparative purposes at adoption. The Company believes that the adoption of FSP 107-1 will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2009, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 157-4, “Determining Fair Value When the Volume and Level of Activity for the Asset or Liability Have Significantly Decreased and Identifying Transactions That Are Not Orderly” (“FSP 157-4”), which provides guidance for estimating fair value in accordance with FAS 157 when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased and identifying circumstances that may indicate that a transaction is not orderly. FSP 157-4 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009, with early adoption for periods ending after March 15, 2009 permitted. FSP 115-2 does not require disclosures for earlier periods presented for comparative purposes at adoption. The Company believes that the adoption of FSP 157-4 will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Fair Value Disclosures

 

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

The following table provides information for each major category of assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using

 

Description

 

March 31, 2009

 

Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)

 

Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)

 

Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable associated with Swap Agreement

 

$

63,740

 

$

 

$

63,740

 

$

 

Other assets (liabilities) - Swap Agreement

 

(1,109

)

 

(1,109

)

 

Notes payable associated with Reverse Swap Agreement

 

61,770

 

 

61,770

 

 

Other assets (liabilities) - Reverse Swap Agreement

 

285

 

 

285

 

 

Total

 

$

124,686

 

$

 

$

124,686

 

$

 

 

Following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the Company’s investments available for sale, which were the Company’s only material assets or liabilities that were remeasured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended March 31, 2008:

 

Balance as of December 31, 2007

 

$

21,812

 

Total gains or losses (realized/unrealized)

 

 

 

Included in earnings

 

(1,415

)

Included in other comprehensive income

 

1,415

 

Settlements received in cash

 

(21,812

)

Balance as of March 31, 2008

 

$

 

 

The Company did not have any significant assets or liabilities that are remeasured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended March 31, 2009.

 

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Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

 

Long-lived assets held for use are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment.  When such an event occurs, the Company compares the carrying value of these long-lived assets to the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the assets using significant unobservable inputs.  An impairment loss is recorded if the net carrying value of the assets exceeds the undiscounted future net operating cash flows attributable to the asset.  The impairment loss recognized equals the excess of net carrying value over the related fair value of the asset.  The Company has determined that no property was impaired and therefore no impairment charges were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2009 or 2008.

 

When real estate assets are identified as held for sale, the Company discontinues depreciating the assets and estimates the fair value of the assets, net of selling costs, using significant unobservable inputs.  If the estimated fair value, net of selling costs, of the assets that have been identified as held for sale is less than the net carrying value of the assets, then a valuation allowance is established.  The operations of assets held for sale or sold during the period are presented as discontinued operations for all periods presented.  The Company did not have any properties classified as held for sale at March 31, 2009 or December 31, 2008.

 

The Company assesses whether there are any indicators that the value of its investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures may be impaired when events or circumstances indicate there may be an impairment.  An investment is impaired if the Company’s estimate of the fair value of the investment is less than its carrying value using significant unobservable inputs.  To the extent impairment has occurred, and is considered to be other-than-temporary, the loss is measured as the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the investment.  No impairment charges were recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2009 or 2008.

 

There were no impaired properties or investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures or any real estate assets identified as held for sale during the three months ended March 31, 2009. Therefore, the Company did not make any nonrecurring fair value measurements during the period.

 

In connection with the Company’s acquisition of properties, the assets are valued as tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired based on their fair values using significant unobservable inputs. The value of the tangible assets, consisting of land and buildings, are determined as if vacant, that is, at replacement cost. Intangible assets, which represent the value of existing tenant relationships, are recorded at their fair values based on the avoided cost to replace the current leases. The Company measures the value of tenant relationships based on the Company’s historical experience with turnover in its facilities. Debt assumed as part of an acquisition is recorded at fair value based on current interest rates compared to contractual rates.

 

3.              NET INCOME PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share measures the performance of the Company over the reporting period while giving effect to all potential common shares that were dilutive and outstanding during the period. The denominator includes the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares that were dilutive had been issued and is calculated using either the treasury stock or if-converted method. Potential common shares are securities (such as options, warrants, convertible debt, Contingent Conversion Shares (“CCSs”), Contingent Conversion Units (“CCUs”), exchangeable Series A Participating Redeemable Preferred Operating Partnership units (“Preferred OP units”) and exchangeable Operating Partnership units (“OP units”)) that do not have a current right to participate in earnings but could do so in the future by virtue of their option or conversion right. In computing the dilutive effect of convertible securities, net income is adjusted to add back any changes in earnings in the period associated with the convertible security. The numerator also is adjusted for the effects of any other non-discretionary changes in income or loss that would result from the assumed conversion of those potential common shares. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential common shares that are dilutive, or reduce earnings per share, are included.

 

The Company’s Operating Partnership has $138,163 of exchangeable senior notes issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2009 that also can potentially have a dilutive effect on its earnings per share calculations. The exchangeable senior notes are exchangeable by holders into shares of the Company’s common stock under certain circumstances per the terms of the indenture governing the exchangeable senior notes. The exchangeable senior notes are not exchangeable unless the price of the Company’s common stock is greater than or equal to 130% of the applicable exchange price for a specified period during a quarter, or unless certain other events occur. The exchange price was $23.48 per share at March 31, 2009, and could change over time as described in the indenture. The price of the Company’s common stock did not exceed 130% of the exchange price for the specified period of time during the first quarter of 2009; therefore holders of the exchangeable senior notes may not elect to convert them during the second quarter of 2009.

 

The Company has irrevocably agreed to pay only cash for the accreted principal amount of the exchangeable senior notes relative to its exchange obligations, but has retained the right to satisfy the exchange obligations in excess of the accreted principal amount in cash and/or common stock. Though the Company has retained that right, FASB Statement No. 128 “Earnings per Share,”

 

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(“FAS 128”) requires an assumption that shares will be used to pay the exchange obligations in excess of the accreted principal amount, and requires that those shares be included in the Company’s calculation of weighted average common shares outstanding for the diluted earnings per share computation. No shares were included in the computation at March 31, 2009 or 2008 because there was no excess over the accreted principal for the period.

 

For the purposes of computing the diluted impact on earnings per share of the potential conversion of Preferred OP units into common shares, where the Company has the option to redeem in cash or shares as discussed in Note 16 and where the Company has stated the positive intent and ability to settle at least $115,000 of the instrument in cash (or net settle a portion of the Preferred OP units against the related outstanding note receivable), only the amount of the instrument in excess of $115,000 is considered in the calculation of shares contingently issuable for the purposes of computing diluted earnings per share as allowed by paragraph 29 of FAS 128.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, options to purchase 2,832,891 and 1,297,851 shares of common stock, respectively, were excluded from the computation of earnings per share as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.  All restricted stock grants have been included in basic and diluted shares outstanding as required by EITF 03-6-1 because such shares earn a non-refundable dividend and carry voting rights.

 

The computation of net income per common share is as follows:

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

28,974

 

$

5,671

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

Income allocated to noncontrolling interest - Preferred Operating Partnership and Operating Partnership

 

2,037

 

510

 

Net income for diluted computations

 

$

31,011

 

$

6,181

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

Average number of common shares outstanding - basic

 

85,940,389

 

66,165,159

 

Operating Partnership units

 

4,264,968

 

4,072,857

 

Preferred Operating Partnership units

 

989,980

 

989,980

 

Dilutive stock options, restricted stock and CCS/CCU conversions

 

26,958

 

471,465

 

Average number of common shares outstanding - diluted

 

91,222,295

 

71,699,461

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.09

 

 

4.              REAL ESTATE ASSETS

 

The components of real estate assets are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land - operating

 

$

466,369

 

$

461,883

 

Land - development

 

71,193

 

64,392

 

Buildings and improvements

 

1,573,306

 

1,555,598

 

Intangible assets - tenant relationships

 

33,355

 

33,234

 

Intangible lease rights

 

6,150

 

6,150

 

 

 

2,150,373

 

2,121,257

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(194,830

)

(182,335

)

Net operating real estate assets

 

1,955,543

 

1,938,922

 

Real estate under development

 

77,022

 

58,734

 

Net real estate assets

 

$

2,032,565

 

$

1,997,656

 

 

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5.              PROPERTY ACQUISITIONS

 

The following table shows the Company’s acquisitions of operating properties for the three months ended March 31, 2009, and does not include purchases of raw land or improvements made to existing assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consideration Paid

 

Acquisition Date Fair Value

 

 

 

Property Location

 

Number
of
Properties

 

Date of
Acquisition

 

Total Paid

 

Cash Paid

 

Net
Liabilities/
(Assets)
Assumed

 

Land

 

Building

 

Intangible

 

Closing
costs -
expensed

 

Source of Acquisition

 

Virginia

 

1

 

1/23/2009

 

$

7,425

 

$

7,438

 

$

(13

)

2,076

 

5,175

 

122

 

52

 

Unrelated franchisee

 

 

Under FAS 141(R), the Company treats property acquisitions as businesses and records the assets and the liabilities at their fair values as of the acquisition date.  Acquisition-related transaction costs are expensed as incurred.

 

6.              INVESTMENTS IN REAL ESTATE VENTURES

 

Investments in real estate ventures consisted of the following:

 

 

 

Equity

 

Excess Profit

 

Investment balance at

 

 

 

Ownership %

 

Participation %

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extra Space West One LLC (“ESW”)

 

5%

 

40%

 

$

1,406

 

$

1,492

 

Extra Space West Two LLC (“ESW II”)

 

5%

 

40%

 

4,845

 

4,874

 

Extra Space Northern Properties Six, LLC (“ESNPS”)

 

10%

 

35%

 

1,465

 

1,482

 

Extra Space of Santa Monica LLC (“ESSM”)

 

41%

 

41%

 

3,260

 

3,225

 

Clarendon Storage Associates Limited Partnership (“Clarendon”)

 

50%

 

50%

 

3,269

 

3,318

 

PRISA Self Storage LLC (“PRISA”)

 

2%

 

17%

 

12,403

 

12,460

 

PRISA II Self Storage LLC (“PRISA II”)

 

2%

 

17%

 

10,391

 

10,431

 

PRISA III Self Storage LLC (“PRISA III”)

 

5%

 

20%

 

4,036

 

4,118

 

VRS Self Storage LLC (“VRS”)

 

45%

 

9%

 

46,913

 

47,488

 

WCOT Self Storage LLC (“WCOT”)

 

5%

 

20%

 

5,179

 

5,229

 

Storage Portfolio I, LLC (“SP I”)

 

25%

 

40%

 

17,162

 

17,471

 

Storage Portfolio Bravo II (“SPB II”)

 

20%

 

25-45%

 

14,005

 

14,168

 

U-Storage de Mexico S.A. and related entities (“U-Storage”)

 

35-40%

 

35-40%

 

9,273

 

9,205

 

Other minority owned properties

 

10-50%

 

10-50%

 

2,178

 

1,830

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 135,785

 

$

136,791

 

 

In these joint ventures, the Company and the joint venture partner generally receive a preferred return on their invested capital. To the extent that cash/profits in excess of these preferred returns are generated through operations or capital transactions, the Company would receive a higher percentage of the excess cash/profits than its equity interest.

 

The components of equity in earnings of real estate ventures consist of the following:

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in earnings of ESW

 

$

309

 

$

322

 

Equity in earnings (losses) of ESW II

 

(3

)

(17

)

Equity in earnings of ESNPS

 

46

 

55

 

Equity in earnings of Clarendon

 

95

 

91

 

Equity in earnings of PRISA

 

168

 

176

 

Equity in earnings of PRISA II

 

137

 

148

 

Equity in earnings of PRISA III

 

57

 

72

 

Equity in earnings of VRS

 

525

 

64

 

Equity in earnings of WCOT

 

68

 

75

 

Equity in earnings of SP I

 

235

 

260

 

Equity in earnings of SPB II

 

126

 

172

 

Equity in earnings (losses) of U-Storage

 

11

 

(73

)

Equity in earnings (losses) of other minority owned properties

 

121

 

(123

)

 

 

$

 1,895

 

$

1,222

 

 

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Equity in earnings (losses) of ESW II, SP I and SPB II include the amortization of the Company’s excess purchase price of $25,713 of these equity investments over its original basis. The excess basis is amortized over 40 years.

 

Variable Interests in Unconsolidated Real Estate Joint Ventures:

 

The Company has interests in two unconsolidated joint ventures with unrelated third parties (“Montrose” and “Eastern Avenue”) which are variable interest entities (“VIEs”).  The Company holds a 10% equity interest in Montrose and Eastern Avenue, but has 50% of the voting rights.  Qualification as a VIE was based on the disproportionate voting and ownership percentages.  The Company performed a probability-based cash flow analysis for each of these joint ventures to determine which party was the primary beneficiary of these VIEs.  These analyses were performed using the Company’s best estimates of the future cash flows based on its historical experience with numerous similar assets.  As a result of these analyses, the Company determined that it was not the primary beneficiary of either Montrose or Eastern Avenue as the Company does not receive a majority of either joint venture’s expected residual returns or bear a majority of the expected losses.  Accordingly, these interests are carried on the equity method.

 

Both Montrose and Eastern Avenue each own a single pre-stabilized self-storage property.  The joint ventures are financed through a combination of (1) equity contributions from the Company and its joint venture partners, (2) mortgage notes payable and (3) payables to the Company for working capital.  The payables to the Company are generally amounts owed for expenses paid on behalf of the joint ventures by the Company as manager.  The Company performs management services for both the Montrose and Eastern Avenue joint ventures in exchange for a management fee of approximately 6% of cash collected by the properties.  The Company’s joint venture partners can replace the Company as manager of the properties upon written notice.  The Company has not provided financial or other support during the periods presented to Montrose or Eastern Avenue that it was not previously contractually obligated to provide.

 

As of March 31, 2009, $0 and $0 for Montrose and Eastern Avenue, respectively were included in Investments in Real Estate on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet; these amounts are included in “other minority owned properties” in the footnote tables presented above.  No liability was recorded associated with the Company’s guarantee of the construction loans of Montrose or Eastern Avenue.  The Company’s maximum exposure to loss for each joint venture as of March 31, 2009 is the total of the guaranteed loan balance, the payables due to the Company and the Company’s investment balances in each joint venture.  The following table compares the liability balances and the maximum exposure to loss related to Montrose and Eastern Avenue as of March 31, 2009:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance of

 

 

 

Maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liability

 

Investment

 

Guaranteed

 

Payables to

 

exposure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance

 

balance

 

loan

 

Company

 

to loss

 

Difference

 

Note

 

Eastern Avenue

 

$

 

$

 

$

5,520

 

$

1,386

 

$

6,906

 

$

(6,906

)

(1)

 

Montrose

 

 

 

7,295

 

2,799

 

10,094

 

(10,094

)

(1)

 

 

 

$

 —

 

$

 

$

12,815

 

$

4,185

 

$

17,000

 

$

(17,000

)

 

 

 


(1) - The Company’s maximum exposure to loss for each joint venture is the total of the guaranteed loan balance, the payables due to the Company and the Company’s investment balances in each joint venture. The Company believes that the risk of having to perform on the guarantee is remote and therefore no liability has been recorded. Also, repossessing and/or selling the self-storage facilities and land that collateralize the loans could provide funds sufficient to reimburse the Company, and the Company believes that the risk of having to perform on the guarantees is remote. Additionally, the Company believes the payables to the Company are collectible.

 

Variable Interests in Consolidated Real Estate Joint Ventures

 

The Company has variable interests in four consolidated joint ventures with third parties (the “VIE JVs”) which are VIEs.  The VIE JVs are financed through a combination of (1) equity contributions from the Company and its joint venture partners, (2) mortgage notes payable and (3) payables to the Company for working capital.  The payables to the Company are generally amounts owed for expenses paid on behalf of the joint ventures by the Company as manager.  The Company owns 50% to 72% of the common equity interests in the VIE JVs.  The Company performed probability-based cash flow projections for each venture using the Company’s best estimates of future revenues and expenses based on historical experience with numerous similar assets.  According to these analyses, the joint ventures were determined to be VIEs based on an assessment that the equity financing was inadequate to support operations.  The Company was also determined to be the primary beneficiary of each of the VIE JVs, as it receives the majority of the benefits and bears the majority of the expected losses of each as a result of its majority ownership and the management agreements. Therefore, each of the VIE JVs are consolidated with the assets and liabilities of each joint venture included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements, with intercompany balances and transactions eliminated.

 

In January, 2009 the Company purchased a lender’s interest in a construction loan to a joint venture that owns a single property located in Sacramento, CA.  The construction loan was to ESS of Sacramento One LLC, a joint venture in which the Company owns a

 

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50% interest.  This joint venture was not consolidated and was not considered a VIE JV as of December 31, 2008.  The Company considers the purchase of this loan to be a reconsideration event and now considers ESS of Sacramento One LLC to be a VIE JV and has determined that the Company now bears the majority of the risk of loss.  As a result of this loan purchase by the Company, the joint venture is now consolidated. The assets and liabilities were recorded at fair value as required by FAS 141(R).

 

The Company performs development services for Washington Ave. and ESS of Plantation LLC in exchange for a development fee of 2% and 1% of budgeted costs, respectively.   The Company performs management services for ESS of Sacramento One LLC and Franklin Blvd. in exchange for a management fee of approximately 6% of cash collected by the properties.

 

The table below illustrates the financing of each of the VIE JVs as well as the carrying amounts of the related assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2009:

 

 

 

 

 

Excess

 

 

 

 

 

Payables

 

Payables and

 

Company’s

 

JV Partners’

 

Joint

 

Equity

 

Profit

 

 

 

 

 

to Company

 

Other

 

Equity

 

Equity (non-

 

Venture

 

Ownership %

 

Participation %

 

Total Assets

 

Notes Payable

 

(eliminated)

 

Liabilities

 

(eliminated)

 

controlling interest)

 

ESS of Sacramento One LLC

 

50

%

50

%

$

10,262

 

$

 

$

10,069

 

$

12

 

$

(459

)

$

640

 

Franklin Blvd.

 

50

%

50

%

7,122

 

5,123

 

1,934

 

68

 

(1

)

(2

)

Washington Ave.

 

50

%

50

%

8,815

 

3,651

 

3,256

 

374

 

767

 

767

 

ESS of Plantation LLC

 

72

%

40

%

4,324

 

 

49

 

10

 

3,090

 

1,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 30,523

 

$

8,774

 

$

15,308

 

$

464

 

$

3,397

 

$

2,580

 

 

Except as disclosed above, the Company has not provided financial or other support during the periods presented to these VIEs that it was not previously contractually obligated to provide.  The Company has guaranteed the notes payable for these VIEs.  The notes payable are secured by the related self-storage properties and are non-recourse.  If the joint ventures default on the loans, the Company may be forced to repay its portion of the balance owed.  However, repossessing and/or selling the self-storage facilities and land that collateralize the loans could provide funds sufficient to reimburse the Company, and the Company believes that the risk of having to perform on the guarantees is remote.

 

7.              OTHER ASSETS

 

The components of other assets are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment and fixtures

 

$

10,882

 

$

10,671

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(7,732

)

(7,309

)

Other intangible assets

 

3,296

 

3,296

 

Deferred financing costs, net

 

11,578

 

12,330

 

Prepaid expenses and deposits

 

7,890

 

5,828

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

8,663

 

11,120

 

Fair value of reverse interest rate swap

 

285

 

647

 

Investments in Trusts

 

3,590

 

3,590

 

Deferred tax asset

 

2,544

 

2,403

 

 

 

$

 40,996

 

$

42,576

 

 

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8.              NOTES PAYABLE

 

The components of notes payable are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

Fixed Rate

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage and construction loans with banks (inclulding loans subject to interest rate swaps) bearing interest at fixed rates between 4.24% and 7.00%. The loans are collateralized by mortgages on real estate assets and the assignment of rents. Principal and interest payments are made monthly with all outstanding principal and interest due between August 2009 and February 2017.

 

$

806,914

 

$

818,166

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable Rate

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage and construction loans with banks bearing floating interest rates (including loans subject to reverse interest rate swaps) based on LIBOR and Prime. Interest rates based on LIBOR are between LIBOR plus 0.65% (1.08% and 5.25% at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively) and LIBOR plus 3.25% (3.68% and 7.85% at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively). Interest rates based on Prime are at Prime plus 1.50% (4.75% and 4.75% at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively). The loans are collateralized by mortgages on real estate assets and the assignment of rents. Principal and interest payments are made monthly with all outstanding principal and interest due between August 2009 and March 2012.

 

138,374

 

125,432

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 945,288

 

$

943,598

 

 

Real estate assets are pledged as collateral for the notes payable. The Company is subject to certain restrictive covenants relating to the outstanding notes payable. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at March 31, 2009.

 

10.  DERIVATIVES

 

FASB Statement No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, as amended” (“FAS 133”) requires the recognition of all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value.  The accounting for changes in fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and further, on the type of hedging relationship.  A company must designate each qualifying hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge, cash flow hedge, or a hedge of a net investment in foreign operation.

 

The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations.  The primary risk managed by using derivative instruments is interest rate risk.  Interest rate swaps are entered into to manage interest rate risk associated with Company’s fixed and variable-rate borrowings.  In accordance with FAS 133, the Company designates certain interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges of variable-rate borrowings and the remainder as fair value hedges of fixed-rate borrowings.

 

In October 2004, the Company entered into a reverse interest rate swap agreement (“Reverse Swap Agreement”) to float $61,770 of 4.30% fixed interest rate secured notes due in June 2009. The Company entered into the Reverse Swap Agreement to hedge the risk of changes in the fair value of the related debt attributed to changes in interest rates.  The Reverse Swap Agreement allows fluctuations in the fair value of the debt to be offset by the value of the interest rate swap.  The fair value of the Swap Agreement is determined through observable prices in active markets for identical agreements.  Under this Reverse Swap Agreement, the Company will receive interest at a fixed rate of 4.30% and pay interest at a variable rate equal to LIBOR plus 0.65%. The Reverse Swap Agreement matures at the same time the notes are due. This Reverse Swap Agreement is a fair value hedge, as defined by FAS 133, and the fair value of the Reverse Swap Agreement is recorded as an asset or liability, with an offsetting adjustment to the carrying value of the related note payable.

 

Monthly variable interest payments are recognized as an increase or decrease in interest expense as follows:

 

 

 

Classification of

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

Type

 

Income (Expense)

 

2009

 

2008

 

Reverse Swap Agreement (FV hedge)

 

Interest expense

 

$

421

 

$

(112

)

 

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On June 30, 2008, the Company entered into a loan agreement in the amount of $64,530 secured by certain properties.  At March 31, 2009, $63,740 was drawn on the loan balance. The loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2%, maturing on June 30, 2011.  The loan agreement has a two year extension, at the option of the Company, that would extend the loan maturity to June 30, 2013.

 

On January 28, 2009, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement (“Swap Agreement”) with an effective date of February 1, 2009 and a maturity date of June 30, 2013.  Under the Swap Agreement, the Company will receive interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 2.0% and pay interest at a fixed rate of 4.24%. The Company entered into the Swap Agreement to hedge the risk of changes in interest rate payments attributed to changes in the LIBOR rate.  The other critical terms of the Swap Agreement are identical to those of the underlying debt.  This swap agreement is a cash flow hedge, as defined by SFAS No. 133, and the effective portion of the gain or loss on the Swap Agreement will be reported as a component of other comprehensive income and reclassified into interest expense when the forecasted transaction affects earnings.   Information relating to the gain (loss) recognized relating to the Swap Agreement is as follows:

 

 

 

Gain/(loss)
recognized in OCI

 

Location of

 

Gain/(loss)
reclassified from
OCI

 

Type

 

Three months
ended March 31,
2009

 

amounts
reclassified from
OCI into income

 

Three months
ended March 31,
2009

 

Swap Agreement (cash flow hedge)

 

$

(1,109

)

Interest expense

 

$

 

 

The Swap Agreement was highly effective for the three months ended March 31, 2009.

 

The balance sheet classification and carrying amounts of the Reverse Swap Agreement and the Swap Agreement is as follows:

 

 

 

Asset/(Liability) Derivatives

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

Derivatives designated as hedging

 

Balance Sheet

 

Fair

 

Balance Sheet

 

Fair

 

instruments under FAS 133:

 

Location

 

Value

 

Location

 

Value

 

Reverse Swap Agreement

 

Other assets

 

$

285

 

Other assets

 

$

647

 

Swap Agreement

 

Other liabilities

 

(1,109

)

n/a

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 (824

)

 

 

$

647

 

 

11.       NOTES PAYABLE TO TRUSTS

 

During July 2005, ESS Statutory Trust III (the “Trust III”), a newly formed Delaware statutory trust and a wholly-owned, unconsolidated subsidiary of the Operating Partnership, issued an aggregate of $40,000 of preferred securities which mature on July 31, 2035. In addition, the Trust III issued 1,238 of Trust common securities to the Operating Partnership for a purchase price of $1,238. On July 27, 2005, the proceeds from the sale of the preferred and common securities of $41,238 were loaned in the form of a note to the Operating Partnership (“Note 3”). Note 3 has a fixed rate of 6.91% through July 31, 2010, and then will be payable at a variable rate equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 2.40% per annum. The interest on Note 3, payable quarterly, will be used by the Trust III to pay dividends on the trust preferred securities. The trust preferred securities may be redeemed by the Trust with no prepayment premium after July 27, 2010.

 

During May 2005, ESS Statutory Trust II (the “Trust II”), a newly formed Delaware statutory trust and a wholly-owned, unconsolidated subsidiary of the Operating Partnership, issued an aggregate of $41,000 of preferred securities which mature on June 30, 2035. In addition, the Trust II issued 1,269 of Trust common securities to the Operating Partnership for a purchase price of $1,269. On May 24, 2005, the proceeds from the sale of the preferred and common securities of $42,269 were loaned in the form of a note to the Operating Partnership (“Note 2”). Note 2 has a fixed rate of 6.67% through June 30, 2010, and then will be payable at a variable rate equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 2.40% per annum. The interest on Note 2, payable quarterly, will be used by the Trust II to pay dividends on the trust preferred securities. The trust preferred securities may be redeemed by the Trust with no prepayment premium after June 30, 2010.

 

During April 2005, ESS Statutory Trust I (the “Trust”), a newly formed Delaware statutory trust and a wholly-owned, unconsolidated subsidiary of the Operating Partnership issued an aggregate of $35,000 of trust preferred securities which mature on June 30, 2035. In addition, the Trust issued 1,083 of trust common securities to the Operating Partnership for a purchase price of $1,083. On April 8,

 

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2005, the proceeds from the sale of the trust preferred and common securities of $36,083 were loaned in the form of a note to the Operating Partnership (the “Note”). The Note has a variable rate equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 2.25% per annum. The interest on the Note, payable quarterly, will be used by the Trust to pay dividends on the trust preferred securities. The trust preferred securities may be redeemed by the Trust with no prepayment premium after June 30, 2010.

 

The Company follows FASB Interpretation No. 46R, “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities” (“FIN 46R”), which addresses the consolidation of VIEs.  Under FIN 46R, Trust, Trust II and Trust III are VIEs because the holders of the equity investment at risk (the trust preferred securities) do not have adequate decision making ability over the trusts’ activities because of their lack of voting or similar rights.  Because of the Operating Partnership’s investment in the trusts’ common securities was financed directly by the trusts as a result of its loan of the proceeds to the Operating Partnership, that investment is not considered to be an equity investment at risk.  The Operating Partnership’s investment in the trusts is not a variable interest because equity interests are variable interests only to the extent that the investment is considered to be at risk, and therefore the Operating Partnership cannot be the primary beneficiary of the trusts.  Since the Company is not the primary beneficiary of the trusts, they have not been consolidated.  A debt obligation has been recorded in the form of notes as discussed above for the proceeds, which are owed to the Trust, Trust II and Trust III by the Company.  The Company has also recorded its investment in the trusts’ common securities as other assets.

 

The Company has not provided financing or other support during the periods presented to the trusts that it was not previously contractually obligated to provide.  The Company’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with the trusts is equal to the total amount of the notes discussed above less the amounts of the Company’s investments in the trusts’ common securities.  The net amount is the notes payable that the trusts owe to third parties for their investments in the trusts’ preferred securities.  Following is a tabular comparison of the liabilities the Company has recorded as a result of its involvements with the trusts to the maximum exposure to loss the Company is subject to related to the trusts as of March 31, 2009:

 

 

 

Notes payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

to Trusts as of

 

Maximum

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

exposure to loss

 

Difference

 

Trust

 

$

36,083

 

$

35,000

 

$

1,083

 

Trust II

 

42,269

 

41,000

 

1,269

 

Trust III

 

41,238

 

40,000

 

1,238

 

 

 

$

 119,590

 

$

116,000

 

$

3,590

 

 

As noted above, these differences represent the amounts that the trusts would repay the Company for its investment in the trusts’ common securities.

 

12.       EXCHANGEABLE SENIOR NOTES

 

On March 27, 2007, our Operating Partnership issued $250,000 of its 3.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes due April 1, 2027 (the “Notes”). Costs incurred to issue the Notes were approximately $5,700. These costs are being amortized over five years, which represents the estimated term of the Notes, and are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2009. The Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Operating Partnership and are fully guaranteed by the Company. Interest is payable on April 1 and October 1 of each year until the maturity date of April 1, 2027. The Notes bear interest at 3.625% per annum and contain an exchange settlement feature, which provides that the Notes may, under certain circumstances, be exchangeable for cash (up to the principal amount of the Notes) and, with respect to any excess exchange value, for cash, shares of our common stock or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock at an exchange rate of approximately 43.1091 shares per one thousand dollars principal amount of Notes at the option of the Operating Partnership.

 

The Operating Partnership may redeem the Notes at any time to preserve the Company’s status as a REIT. In addition, on or after April 5, 2012, the Operating Partnership may redeem the Notes for cash, in whole or in part, at 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest, upon at least 30 days but not more than 60 days prior written notice to holders of the Notes.

 

The holders of the Notes have the right to require the Operating Partnership to repurchase the Notes for cash, in whole or in part, on each of April 1, 2012, April 1, 2017 and April 1, 2022, and upon the occurrence of a designated event, in each case for a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest. Certain events are considered “Events of Default,” as defined in the indenture governing the Notes, which may result in the accelerated maturity of the Notes.

 

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Adoption of FSP APB 14-1

 

In May 2008, the FASB issued FSP ABP 14-1.  Under FSP APB 14-1, entities with convertible debt instruments that may be settled entirely or partially in cash upon conversion should separately account for the liability and equity components of the instrument in a manner that reflects the issuer’s economic interest cost.  The Company retroactively adopted FSP APB 14-1 effective January 1, 2009.  As a result, the liability and equity components of the Notes are now accounted for separately.  The equity component is included in the paid-in-capital section of stockholders’ equity on the consolidated balance sheet, and the value of the equity component is treated as original issue discount for purposes of accounting for the debt component.  The discount is being amortized over the period of the debt as additional interest expense.

 

Information about the carrying amounts of the equity component, the principal amount of the liability component, its unamortized discount, and its net carrying amount are as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

Carrying amount of equity component

 

$

21,066

 

$

21,779

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal amount of liability component

 

$

138,163

 

$

209,663

 

Unamortized discount

 

(7,982

)

(13,031

)

Net carrying amount of liability component

 

$

130,181

 

$

196,632

 

 

The remaining discount will be amortized over the remaining period of the debt through its’ first redemption date (April 1, 2012).  The effective interest rate on the liability component is 5.75%.  The amount of interest cost recognized relating to the contractual interest rate and the amortization of the discount on the liability component is as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

Contractual interest

 

$

1,718

 

$

2,266

 

Amortization of discount

 

841

 

1,029

 

Total interest expense recognized

 

$

2,559

 

$

3,295

 

 

Repurchases of Notes

 

During October 2008, the Company repurchased $40,337 principal amount, respectively, of the Notes.  The Company paid cash of $31,721 to repurchase the Notes.

 

During March 2009, the Company repurchased $71,500 principal amount of Notes.  The Company paid cash of $44,513 to repurchase the Notes, exclusive of $1,136 paid for interest accrued on the repurchased Notes through the date of repurchase.

 

FSP APB 14-1 requires that the value of the consideration paid to repurchase the Notes be allocated (1) to the extinguishment of the liability component and (2) the reacquisition of the equity component.  The amount allocated to the extinguishment of the liability component is equal to the fair value of that component immediately prior to extinguishment.  The difference between the consideration attributed to the extinguishment of the liability component and the sum of (a) the net carrying amount of the repurchased liability component, and (b) the related unamortized debt issuance costs is recognized as a gain on debt extinguishment.  The remaining settlement consideration is allocated to the reacquisition of the equity component of the repurchased Notes, and recognized as a reduction of stockholders’ equity.

 

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Information on the repurchases and the related gains is as follows:

 

 

 

March 2009

 

October 2008

 

 

 

repurchases

 

repurchases

 

 

 

 

 

(As revised - see Note 2)

 

Principal amount repurchased

 

$

71,500

 

$

40,337

 

Amount allocated to:

 

 

 

 

 

Extinguishment of liability component

 

$

43,800

 

$

30,696

 

Reacquisition of equity component

 

713

 

1,025

 

Total cash paid for repurchase

 

$

44,513

 

$

31,721

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exchangeable senior notes repurchased

 

$

71,500

 

$

40,337

 

Extinguishment of liability component

 

(43,800

)

(30,696

)

Discount on exchangeable senior notes

 

(4,208

)

(2,683

)

Related debt issuance costs

 

(1,009

)

(646

)

Gain on repurchase

 

$

22,483

 

$

6,312

 

 

13.       LINE OF CREDIT

 

On October 19, 2007, the Operating Partnership entered into a $100,000 revolving line of credit (the “Credit Line”) that matures October 31, 2010 with two one-year extensions available.  The Company intends to use the proceeds of the Credit Line to repay debt maturing in 2009 and for general corporate purposes.  The Credit Line has an interest rate of between 100 and 205 basis points over LIBOR, depending on certain financial ratios of the Company.  The Credit Line is collateralized by mortgages on certain real estate assets.  As of March 31, 2009, the Credit Line had $100,000 of capacity based on the assets collateralizing the Credit Line.  $100,000 and $27,000 was drawn on the Credit Line as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.  The Company is subject to certain restrictive covenants relating to the Credit Line.  The Company was in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2009.

 

14.       OTHER LIABILTIES

 

The components of other liabilities are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred rental income

 

$

12,568

 

$

12,535

 

Security deposits

 

269

 

316

 

Lease obligation liability

 

3,181

 

3,029

 

Fair value of interest rate swap

 

1,109

 

 

Income taxes payable

 

562

 

2,825

 

Other miscellaneous liabilities

 

4,608

 

3,562

 

 

 

$

 22,297

 

$

22,267

 

 

15.       RELATED PARTY AND AFFILIATED REAL ESTATE JOINT VENTURE TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company provides management and development services to certain joint ventures, franchises, third parties and other related party properties. Management agreements provide generally for management fees of 6% of cash collected from properties for the management of operations at the self-storage facilities.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Management fee revenues for related parties and affiliated real estate joint ventures are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months ended March 31,

 

Entity

 

Type

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESW

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

$

103

 

$

108

 

ESW II

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

77

 

75

 

ESNPS

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

117

 

114

 

PRISA

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

1,252

 

1,263

 

PRISA II

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

1,025

 

1,031

 

PRISA III

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

425

 

443

 

VRS

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

287

 

292

 

WCOT

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

373

 

384

 

SP I

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

321

 

320

 

SPB II

 

Affiliated real estate joint ventures

 

243

 

255

 

Various

 

Franchisees, third parties and other

 

996

 

792

 

 

 

 

 

$

 5,219

 

$

5,077

 

 

Receivables from related parties and affiliated real estate joint ventures are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development fees receivable

 

$

981

 

$

1,382

 

Other receivables from properties

 

4,054

 

9,953

 

 

 

$

 5,035

 

$

11,335

 

 

Development fees receivable consist of amounts due for development services from third parties and unconsolidated affiliated joint ventures.  The Company earns development fees of 1% - 6% of budged costs on development projects.  Other receivables from properties consist of amounts due for management fees and expenses paid by the Company on behalf of the properties that the Company manages.  The Company believes that all of these related party and affiliated joint venture receivables are fully collectible. The Company does not have any payables to related parties at March 31, 2009 or December 31, 2008.

 

Centershift, a related party service provider, is partially owned by certain directors and members of management of the Company.  Effective January 1, 2004, the Company entered into a license agreement with Centershift to secure a perpetual right for continued use of STORE (the site management software used at all sites operated by the Company) in all aspects of the Company’s property acquisition, development, redevelopment and operational activities. During the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company paid $255 and $169, respectively, relating to the purchase of software and to license agreements.

 

The Company has entered into an aircraft dry lease and service and management agreement with SpenAero, L.C. (“SpenAero”), an affiliate of Spencer F. Kirk, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.  Under the terms of the agreement, the Company pays a defined hourly rate for use of the aircraft.  During the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company paid SpenAero $150 and $90, respectively.  The services that the Company receives from SpenAero are similar in nature and price to those that are provided to third parties.

 

16.       NONCONTROLLING INTEREST REPRESENTED BY PREFERRED OPERATING PARTNERSHIP UNITS

 

On June 15, 2007, the Operating Partnership entered into a Contribution Agreement with various limited partnerships affiliated with AAAAA Rent-A-Space to acquire ten self-storage facilities (the “Properties”) in exchange for the issuance of newly designated Preferred OP units of the Operating Partnership. The self-storage facilities are located in California and Hawaii.

 

On June 25 and 26, 2007, nine of the ten properties were contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for consideration totaling $137,800. Preferred OP units totaling 909,075, with a value of $121,700, were issued along with the assumption of approximately $14,200 of third-party debt, of which $11,400 was paid off at close. The final property was contributed on August 1, 2007 in exchange for consideration totaling $14,700. 80,905 Preferred OP units with a value of $9,800 were issued along with $4,900 of cash.

 

On June 25, 2007, the Operating Partnership loaned the holders of the Preferred OP units $100,000. The note receivable bears interest at 4.85%, and is due September 1, 2017. The loan is secured by the borrower’s Preferred OP units. The holders of the Preferred OP units can convert up to 114,500 Preferred OP units prior to the maturity date of the loan. If any redemption in excess of 114,500

 

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Preferred OP units occurs prior to the maturity date, the holder of the Preferred OP units is required to repay the loan as of the date of that Preferred OP unit redemption. Preferred OP units are shown on the balance sheet net of the $100,000 loan under the guidance in EITF No. 85-1, “Classifying Notes Receivable for Capital,” because the borrower under the loan receivable is also the holder of the Preferred OP units.

 

The Operating Partnership entered into a Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership (the “Partnership Agreement”) which provides for the designation and issuance of the Preferred OP units. The Preferred OP units will have priority over all other partnership interests of the Operating Partnership with respect to distributions and liquidation.

 

Under the Partnership Agreement, Preferred OP units in the amount of $115,000 bear a fixed priority return of 5% and have a fixed liquidation value of $115,000. The remaining balance will participate in distributions with and have a liquidation value equal to that of the common OP units. The Preferred OP units became redeemable at the option of the holder on September 1, 2008, which redemption obligation may be satisfied, at the Company’s option, in cash or shares of its common stock.

 

On September 18, 2008, the Operating Partnership entered into a First Amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership of Extra Space Storage LP to clarify certain tax-related provisions relating to the Preferred OP units.

 

The Company adopted FAS 160 effective January 1, 2009.  FAS 160 requires a company to present ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the company in the consolidated financial statements within the equity section but separate from the company’s equity.  FAS 160 also requires the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of operations and requires changes in ownership interest to be accounted for similarly as equity transactions.  FAS 160 was required to be adopted prospectively with the exception of the presentation and disclosure requirements, which were applied retrospectively for all periods presented.   As a result of the issuance of FAS 160, the guidance in EITF Topic D-98, “Classification and Measurement of Redeemable Securities” was amended to include redeemable noncontrolling interests within its scope.  If noncontrolling interests are determined to be redeemable, they are to be carried at their redemption value as of the balance sheet date and reported as temporary equity.

 

The Company has evaluated the terms of the Preferred OP units, and as a result of the adoption of FAS 160, the Company reclassified the noncontrolling interest represented by the Preferred OP units to stockholders’ equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.  In periods subsequent to the adoption of FAS 160, the Company will periodically evaluate individual noncontrolling interests for the ability to continue to recognize the noncontrolling amount as permanent equity in the consolidated balance sheets.  Any noncontrolling interests that fail to quality as permanent equity will be reclassified as temporary equity and adjusted to the greater of (a) the carrying amount, or (b) its redemption value as of the end of the period in which the determination is made.

 

17.       NONCONTROLLING INTEREST IN OPERATING PARTNERSHIP

 

The Company’s interest in its properties is held through the Operating Partnership. ESS Holding Business Trust I, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. The Company, through ESS Holding Business Trust II, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, is also a limited partner of the Operating Partnership. Between its general partner and limited partner interests, the Company held a 94.25% majority ownership interest therein as of March 31, 2009. The remaining ownership interests in the Operating Partnership (including Preferred OP units) of 5.75% are held by certain former owners of assets acquired by the Operating Partnership, which include officers and a director of the Company.  As of March 31, 2009, the Operating Partnership had 4,264,968 common OP units outstanding.

 

The noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership represents common OP units that are not owned by the Company. In conjunction with the formation of the Company and as a result of subsequent acquisitions, certain persons and entities contributing interests in properties to the Operating Partnership received limited partnership units in the form of either OP units or CCUs. Limited partners who received OP units in the formation transactions or in exchange for contributions for interests in properties have the right to require the Operating Partnership to redeem part or all of their common OP units for cash based upon the fair market value of an equivalent number of shares of the Company’s common stock (10 day average) at the time of the redemption. Alternatively, the Company may, at its option, elect to acquire those OP units in exchange for shares of its common stock on a one-for-one basis, subject to anti-dilution adjustments provided in the Partnership Agreement. The ten day average closing stock price at March 31, 2009 was $5.57 and there were 4,264,968 OP units outstanding. Assuming that all of the unit holders exercised their right to redeem all of their common OP units on March 31, 2009 and the Company elected to pay the noncontrolling members cash, the Company would have paid $23,756 in cash consideration to redeem the OP units.

 

Unlike the OP units, CCUs did not carry any voting rights. Upon the achievement of certain performance thresholds relating to 14 properties, a portion of the CCUs automatically converted into OP units. Each CCU was convertible on a one-for-one basis into OP

 

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units, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2006, and ending with the quarter ended December 31, 2008, the Company calculated the net operating income from the 14 wholly-owned properties over the 12-month period ending in such quarter. Within 35 days following the end of each quarter referred to above, some of the CCUs were converted so that the total percentage of CCUs issued in connection with the formation transactions that were converted to OP units was equal to the percentage determined by dividing the net operating income for such period in excess of $5,100 by $4,600.  The 55,957 CCUs remaining unconverted through the calculation made in respect of the 12-month period ending December 31, 2008 were cancelled as of February 4, 2009.

 

The Company adopted FAS 160 effective January 1, 2009.  FAS 160 requires a company to present ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the company in the consolidated financial statements within the equity section but separate from the company’s equity.  FAS 160 also requires the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of operations and requires changes in ownership interest to be accounted for similarly as equity transactions.  FAS 160 is required to be adopted prospectively with the exception of the presentation and disclosure requirements, which are applied retrospectively for all periods presented.   As a result of the issuance of FAS 160, the guidance in EITF Topic D-98, “Classification and Measurement of Redeemable Securities” was amended to include redeemable noncontrolling interests within its scope.  If noncontrolling interests are determined to be redeemable, they are to be carried at their redemption value as of the balance sheet date and reported as temporary equity.

 

The Company has evaluated the terms of the common OP units, and as a result of the adoption of FAS 160, the Company reclassified the noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership to stockholders’ equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.  In periods subsequent to the adoption of FAS 160, the Company will periodically evaluate individual noncontrolling interests for the ability to continue to recognize the noncontrolling amount as permanent equity in the consolidated balance sheets.  Any noncontrolling interests that fail to quality as permanent equity will be reclassified as temporary equity and adjusted to the greater of (a) the carrying amount, or (b) its redemption value as of the end of the period in which the determination is made.

 

18.       OTHER NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

 

Other noncontrolling interests represent the ownership interests of various third parties in ten consolidated self-storage properties as of March 31, 2009.  Five of these consolidated properties were under development, and five were in the lease-up stage during the three months ended March 31, 2009.  The ownership interests of the third party owners range from 5% to 50%.  As required by FAS 160, other noncontrolling interests are included in the stockholders’ equity section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.  The income or losses attributable to these third party owners based on their ownership percentages are reflected in net income allocated to the Operating Partnership and other noncontrolling interests in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

19.       STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

The Company’s charter provides that it can issue up to 300,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 4,100,000 CCSs, $.01 par value per share, and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share. As of March 31, 2009, 86,104,311 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding and no shares of preferred stock or CCSs were issued and outstanding.

 

All stockholders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to receive dividends and to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders.  The transfer agent and registrar for the Company’s common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company.

 

Unlike the Company’s shares of common stock, CCSs did not carry any voting rights. Upon the achievement of certain performance thresholds relating to 14 properties, a portion of the CCSs were automatically converted into shares of the Company’s common stock. Each CCS was convertible on a one-for-one basis into shares of common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2006, and ending with the quarter ended December 31, 2008, the Company calculated the net operating income from the 14 wholly-owned properties over the 12-month period ending in such quarter. Within 35 days following the end of each quarter referred to above, some of the CCSs were converted so that the total percentage of CCSs issued in connection with the formation transactions that had been converted to common stock was equal to the percentage determined by dividing the net operating income for such period in excess of $5,100 by $4,600. The 1,087,790 CCSs remaining unconverted through the calculation made in respect of the 12-month period ending December 31, 2008 were cancelled as of February 4, 2009 and restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares of common stock.

 

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20.   STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

The Company has the following plans under which shares were available for grant at March 31, 2009:

 

·                  The 2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan as amended and restated, effective March 25, 2008, and

·                  The 2004 Non-Employee Directors’ Share Plan (together, the “Plans”).

 

Option grants are issued with an exercise price equal to the closing price of stock on the date of grant.  Unless otherwise determined by the Compensation, Nominating and Governance Committee at the time of grant, options shall vest ratably over a four-year period beginning on the date of grant.  Each option will be exercisable once it has vested.  Options are exercisable at such times and subject to such terms as determined by the Compensation, Nominating and Governance Committee, but under no circumstances will be exercised if such exercise would cause a violation of the ownership limit in the Company’s charter.  Options expire 10 years from the date of grant.

 

Also, as defined under the terms of the Plans, restricted stock grants may be awarded.  The stock grants are subject to a performance or vesting period over which the restrictions are lifted and the stock certificates are given to the grantee.  During the performance or vesting period, the grantee is not permitted to sell, transfer, pledge, encumber or assign shares of restricted stock granted under the Plans, however the grantee has the ability to vote the shares and receive nonforfeitable dividends paid on the shares.  The forfeiture and transfer restrictions on the shares lapse over a four-year period beginning on the date of grant.  As of March 31, 2009, 3,677,890 shares were available for issuance under the Plans.

 

Option Grants to Employees

 

A summary of stock option activity is as follows:

 

Options

 

Number of Shares

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Life

 

Aggregate Intrinsic
Value as of March
31, 2009

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2008

 

2,841,923

 

$

14.76

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

723,000

 

6.22

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

(13,125

)

14.92

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2009

 

3,551,798

 

$

13.02

 

7.22

 

$

 

Vested and Expected to Vest

 

3,150,801

 

$

13.49

 

6.93

 

$

 

Ending Exercisable

 

2,004,930

 

$

14.11

 

5.98

 

$

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total value (the difference between the Company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the first quarter of 2009 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on March 31, 2009. The amount of aggregate intrinsic value will change based on the fair market value of the Company’s stock.

 

The fair value of each option grant is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected volatility

 

44

%

25

%

Dividend yield

 

6.8

%

6.5

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.7

%

2.7

%

Average expected term (years)

 

5

 

5

 

 

The Black-Scholes model incorporates assumptions to value stock-based awards. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. The Company uses actual historical data to calculate the expected price volatility, dividend yield and average expected term.  The forfeiture rate, which is estimated at a weighted-average of

19.43% of unvested options outstanding as of March 31, 2009, is adjusted annually based on the extent to which actual forfeitures differ, or are expected to differ, from the previous estimates.

 

The Company recorded compensation expense relating to outstanding options of $260 and $262 for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.  The Company received cash from the exercise of options of $0 and $666 for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.  At March 31, 2009, there was $1,141 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options under the Company’s 2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.83 years. The valuation model applied in this calculation utilizes subjective assumptions that could potentially change over time, including the expected forfeiture rate. Therefore, the amount of unrecognized compensation expense at March 31, 2009, noted above does not necessarily represent the expense that will ultimately be realized by the Company in the Statement of Operations.

 

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Common Stock Granted to Employees and Directors

 

The Company granted 315,037 and 171,800 shares of common stock to certain employees, without monetary consideration under the Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.  The Company recorded compensation expense related to outstanding shares of common stock granted to employees of $639 and $538 during the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

 

The fair value of common stock awards is determined based on the closing trading price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. A summary of the Company’s employee share grant activity is as follows:

 

Restricted Stock Grants

 

Shares

 

Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value

 

Unreleased at December 31, 2008

 

441,204

 

$

16.21

 

Granted

 

315,037

 

6.23

 

Released

 

(56,700

)

15.50

 

Cancelled

 

(1,057

)

16.78

 

Unreleased at March 31, 2009

 

698,484

 

$

11.77

 

 

21.   INCOME TAXES

 

As a REIT, the Company is generally not subject to federal income tax with respect to that portion of its income which is distributed annually to its stockholders. However, the Company has elected to treat one of its corporate subsidiaries, Extra Space Management, Inc., as a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”).  In general, the Company’s TRS may perform additional services for tenants and generally may engage in any real estate or non-real estate related business (except for the operation or management of health care facilities or lodging facilities or the provision to any person, under a franchise, license or otherwise, of rights to any brand name under which lodging facility or health care facility is operated).  A TRS is subject to corporate federal income tax.  The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the provisions of FASB Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (“FAS 109”).  Under FAS 109, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities.  There was no material income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2008.

 

The income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2009 is comprised of the following components:

 

 

 

March 31, 2009

 

 

 

Federal

 

State

 

Total

 

Current

 

$

719

 

$

70

 

$

789

 

Deferred benefit

 

(128

)

(13

)

(141

)

Total tax expense

 

$

591

 

$

57

 

$

648

 

 

The income tax provision for the year ended December 31, 2008 is comprised of the following components:

 

 

 

December 31, 2008

 

 

 

Federal

 

State

 

Total

 

Current

 

$

2,663

 

$

259

 

$

2,922

 

Deferred benefit

 

(2,190

)

(213

)

(2,403

)

Total tax expense

 

$

473